- Food Facility Final Report
- Food Facility Interim Report
- The EU - a mainstay of support for food security
Food Facility Final Report
Established in December 2008 following the G8 Summit of July 2008, the EU Food Facility contributed with EUR 1 billion to the response to the food and financial crisis that stroke the planet from 2007 onwards. Between 2009 and 2011 the facility successfully reached 59 million direct beneficiaries and a further 93 million indirectly, in 49 target countries. The final report and its staff working document highlights the background and rationale of the Food Facility, describes the outcomes and impact, analyses the lessons learnt and finally draws conclusions and recommendations in the light of future suitable activities.
The Food Facility instrument was evaluated in 2012; the evaluation report is available below:
- Report from the Commission to the European Parliament and the Council: Final Report on the implementation of the EU Food Facility
- Rapport de la Commission au Parlement Européen and au Conseil: Rapport final sur la mise en œuvre de la facilité alimentaire de l'UE
- Staff Working Document Accompanying the Final Report on the implementation of the EU Food Facility
Food Facility Final Evaluation Report
The EU Food Facility programme came to an end in 2011. The action was implemented in 49 countries through 179 contracts and agreements covering 232 projects executed through International Organisations, Regional Organisations, International and National NGOs and beneficiary Governments. All funds allocated to the Food facility have been committed. The monitoring and evaluation system adopted to follow the implementation was particularly careful and comprehensive: 176 projects have been monitored using the Results-Oriented Monitoring (ROM); all project progress and completion reports have been assessed by the Commission staff at Headquarters and EU Delegations; independent evaluations have been undertaken at project level, at implementing partner level and at global level. The present report is the evaluation of the Food Facility instrument, carried out in 2011 and 2012 following the Evaluation Methodology of the Commission. It concludes that the Commission has been efficient and effective in implementing the Food Facility, the interventions were relevant and projects had a clearly positive effect on beneficiaries. However a longer implementation period and a narrowed geographical scope would have allowed a greater impact.
- Food Facility: Final Evaluation
- Executive Summary
- Annexe 1 - Terms of Reference
- Annexe 2 - FPC context and international response
- Annexe 3 - Intervention Logic
- Annexe 4 - Answers to the Evaluation Questions, and Hypothesis.
- Annexe 5 - Grid Analysis of the Desk Phase
- Annexe 6 - Country Notes
- Annexe 7 - People interviewed
- Annexe 8 - Bibliography
Food Facility Interim Report
On 12 March 2010, the European Commission adopted the Food Facility Interim Report. This Document reports on the measures taken by the Commission in 2009 to implement the Food Facility. It shows that, financially, implementation is ahead of schedule with more commitments and payments made than anticipated. Moreover, the overall plan for the Food facility, as approved by Council and Parliament in March 2009, has been respected with less than 5% change in financial planning. The report also indicates monitoring arrangements made to assess the effects of the Food Facility projects.
- Food Facility: Interim report on Measures Taken
- Accompanying document to the Report from the Commission to the European Parliament and the Council
When "all people, at all times have physical and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life? (Rome Declaration on World Food Security" UN Food and Agriculture Organization)
In the developing world, nearly 1 bln people are unable to meet their dietary needs. Another 5-10% are at risk of ?acute? food insecurity in times of crisis. Despite improvements, the millennium development goal on hunger is likely to be missed by a wide margin in Sub-Saharan Africa, where persistent food insecurity is compounded by widespread political instability, conflict and the HIV/AIDS pandemic.
Lack of food - the defining feature of poverty
Food insecurity is directly linked to poverty, which means that it is a priority for the EU consensus on development. Support must be given at the right time because even a transitory crisis can trigger chronic food problems, as assets are quickly depleted and livelihoods undermined.
EU food security policy
puts food availability, access to food, responses to food shortages and nutritional problems at the centre of poverty-reduction strategies.
acknowledges the causes of food insecurity - environmental degradation, poor productive systems, badly functioning markets, limited human capacity and inequality
recognises the social factors affecting access to food - gender, age and ethnicity.
supports broad based food-security strategies at the national and regional level in preference to handing out food aid directly
is based on the premise that the long-term objectives of meeting millennium development goals and eradicating food insecurity will only be met through nationally owned poverty-reduction strategies.
Food insecurity in crisis situations
Food insecurity is particularly hard to tackle in complex, ongoing crises and in the fragile transition to stability. During a crisis, fragile states may lack the capacity or institutional frameworks to implement long-term food security solutions - a situation that may be compounded by poor governance, conflicts, man-made disasters, HIV/AIDS and other diseases.
The EU - a mainstay of support for food security
Because food aid is primarily a humanitarian tool, it is managed by ECHO and administered through:
the food security thematic programme - addressing food security at global, continental and regional level in countries where the other, geography-based, instruments cannot be used.
EU actions tackle the structural causes of food insecurity on three levels
national level - inadequate food and water availability
household level - poverty resulting in insufficient access to food
individual level - food use and nutritional adequacy.
In assessing and implementing support for food security the EU attaches importance to:
consistency with EU development policy and the Commission's country and regional support strategies
close coordination with other EU financial instruments, ECHO, EU member countries and major donors. This ensures external coherence and complementarity. Food security programmes support changes to policies and institutions to achieve sustained economic growth and reduce poverty.
building on nationally owned policies and strategies for poverty reduction and social cohesion
reinforcing national capacity and supporting local partnerships
measure that have an impact - direct or indirect ? on incomes for the poor and most vulnerable
disaster preparedness and crisis prevention
the link between relief, rehabilitation and development in protracted and post-crisis situations
consistency with the
efficiency in reducing poverty and food insecurity in a specific environment. Where possible, relief materials will be purchased in the country or region.
sustainability of food security programmes - insofar as possible.
Collaboration with FAO
EU and FAO cooperation is based on the 2004 EC-FAO Partnership .
The focus is on:
increasing the ability of countries and regions to design and implement food insecurity information systems
increasing awareness in government and local circles of the links between food insecurity and poverty
using food insecurity information systems to help design and implement food security strategies
Support through the FAO targets cross-cutting activities particularly relevant to food security and poverty reduction in fields where FAO has a comparative advantage - such as support to the agricultural sector after a natural disaster.
Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR)
The Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR)is at the forefront of research in food security and natural resources management, genetic resources and international policy. EU resources are allocated to a CGIAR programmes closely related to food security in the fields of genetic resources and international policies related to water management and the new initiative of the International Assessment of Agricultural Knowledge, Science and Technology for Development.
Financial aid can be provided either as budgetary support (national procedures apply) projects (Commission procedures apply) or food aid - and at national level (agreement with the country's government) or international level (cooperation with international organisations).
Budgetary support is provided as financial assistance through the government budget and aims to:
support policy and institutional reforms related to food security
facilitate import of food by the private sector
promote employment and income generation to improve access to food
help provide safety nets
Budgetary aid is provided under well-defined conditions:
to low-income and least developed countries
to countries with a strong macroeconomic framework demonstrating fiscal sustainability
to countries with good governance, including sound public-finance management and effective public and private sectors
where policies and programmes exist to promote food security and reduce poverty.
Support to country/ regional strategies and programmes
Project support is provided in countries with a weak institutional framework where the policy environment does not allow budgetary aid. Support will:
ensure financial support is routed to "food insecure" groups
ensure that development assistance is managed properly and promote capacity building where the public sector is weak and realistic avenues for improvement are lacking
make it possible to test pilot approaches to tackling food insecurity
make it possible to address key bottlenecks in food availability and access to food
ensure that aid recipients participate actively in project design and implementation.
Food security projects are supported for a limited time ? during a transition from relief to long-term development or when food insecurity is structural. Projects focus on improving access to food through support to production systems, other income-generating activities and social safety nets.
Regional strategies on food security should be promoted and ? when justified ? supported.
Food aid should be:
considered a tool for humanitarian assistance. In grant form, it should be provided only in acute, protracted crises to meet well-identified and internationally recognised needs.
restricted to situations where it is the best tool to solve an immediate problem.
delivered in response to a food-related emergency (man-made and natural disasters, calamity or similar circumstances creating severe food insecurity that local government is unable to handle).
targeted to the most vulnerable groups, while respecting their nutritional requirements and habits. Preference will be given to local and regional purchases.
based on reliable, objective, credible and transparent assessments of needs.
fully delinked, cash only, and donors should buy locally and regionally in order to stimulate agricultural production, sustain local markets and enhance the livelihood of producers.
demand-driven and provided in compliance with broader food security strategies.
EU food aid is targeted by means of a continuous process of analysis, needs assessment, information and consultation between ECHO and the main UN and NGO partners. The EU is committed to work actively towards making food aid more effective and minimising any negative impacts.