Security and Development
Wars and conflicts have devastating human and societal impacts, which range from displaced people to wide-spread violence, the tragedy of refugee camps, HIV spreading, the break down of socio-economic livelihood and state institutions. These reversals impact a country for generations.
If no one doubts that there cannot be sustainable development without peace and security, and that without development and poverty eradication no sustainable peace will occur, the ability of development policy to ensure long-lasting peace has not yet been fully comprehended and put, accordingly, to task.
The interdependence between security and development, including poverty reduction, lies at the crossroad of the accelerated diversification of threats to human and state security.
For these reasons and because the EU as an important global actor, can avail itself of a wide array of instruments, the European Commission services and the Council Secretariat General elaborated a Food for thought paper to strengthen EU policy coherence .
On this basis the General Affairs Council in November 2007 adopted Council Conclusions inviting Member States, the Commission and the GSC to take the work on security and development forward under the guidance of future Presidencies, including the framework of Policy Coherence for Development (PCD).
This work has been the result of the comprehensive survey carried out within the framework of the Policy Coherence for Development and notably of the 2007 EU report on Policy Coherence for Development (PCD) .
This report gives voice to EU Member States' concern about the need for first- and second-pillar activities to be better coordinated. Their concerns relate both to the planning and the conduct of ESDP missions which need to be better integrated within long-term, comprehensive development assistance programmes, in order for the overall EU intervention to be effective.
A further token of the will of the Council in this direction is the decision to create a new common EU Delegation exclusively dedicated to the African Union, headed by a person who at the same time is the European Commission Head of Delegation and EU Special Representative (EUSR) to the AU (double hat).
Country and Regional Strategy papers are increasingly integrating security or conflicts assessments, analyses and responses; more efforts will follow in the wake of the Council Conclusions on the security-development nexus and the elaboration of a dedicated Action Plan.