Conflict Prevention and Peace Building
The direct relation between high levels of armed violence and macro and micro indicators of poverty is well documented. This relationship is further compounded by the increasingly complex nature of causes of poverty and insecurity.
Today's threats to development, security and stability range from energy dependence, climate changes –drought, food and water shortage, desertification, flooding-, the absence of global governance for communication and information technologies, the radicalisation of ideologies or religions, the misuse and abuse of air and maritime space, cyber space, financial markets, the illegal and uncontrolled use of natural resources, the weakness of a state's structures and infrastructures…
None of the key threats can be tackled by military means but can provoke violent and armed responses.
Similarly, new and complexes challenges confront us once conflicts have been settled and countries enter the post-conflicts transition phase, when the success of building reconciliation and peace depends on fragile and delicate processes.
The Cotonou Agreement represents up to date the most comprehensive political approach financial framework. It is capable of supporting the security of the citizens as well as the strategic security on countries through a multitude of socio-economic and political means. Inter-linkages with the Instrument for Stability and ESDP missions or CFSP joint actions have further reinforced its preventative and peace building impact.
The European Commission is increasingly working in favour of integrated considerations of root causes of conflicts and post-conflict society and state building. As such it supports compacts of measures such as economic, social, environmental, state building, governance, democracy and human rights policies, as recommended by the European Consensus on Development.
The ongoing and massive support to prevention of and exit from conflicts includes actions in the fields of peace support operations (Africa-led), support to capacity building including early warning systems, planning and training of peace support operations; Disarmament including mine action, the fight against illicit firearms; DDR; the fight against organised crime, the whole of the Governance sector including Justice, civilian and military administration, Human Rights and Democracy, border management, Police, Penitentiary, Parliamentary oversight. Within this framework further specific activities have been undertaken such as:
- The follow up to the European Council Conclusions on the Situations of Fragility including the analysis of causes, effects of and linkages between situations of Fragility which can breed or aggravate instability and crises. This should enable the EU to elaborate a more complex and comprehensive response to the breaking points of the conflict cycle and make sure that the premises for long-lasting stability and peace are met.
- The Security and Development nexus
- Increased funding efficiency of development policies, following the best practices agreed in the Paris agenda, in full respect of the principles of ownership represent an important step towards a greater contribution of development policy to the security agenda, strongly linked to its long-term and partnership approach, its focus on the reduction of poverty and inequality, including of ethnic origin, as well as on all the Millennium Development Goals.