Africa-EU Peace and Security Partnership
The Africa-EU Joint Strategy adopted by the Lisbon Summit on 9 December 2007 laid the foundation of a long-term strategic partnership.
Recognising the inter-linkages between different policy areas, the specific Peace and Security partnership contains the vision and ambition necessary to change the security landscape in Africa and world-wide.
For the European Union, the adoption of the Joint EU-Africa Strategy and its Action Plan represent the most comprehensive and integrated approach ever achieved between the two continents.
The objectives of the strategic partnership for peace and security aim to:
- Enhance dialogue on challenges to peace and security, notably in multilateral fora, in order to reach common positions and implement common approaches on challenges to peace and security in Africa, Europe and globally.
- Full operationalization of the African Peace and Security Architecture—in order to achieve the effective functioning of the African Peace and Security Architecture to address peace and security challenges in Africa, including prevention and post conflict reconstruction.
- redictable Funding for African-led Peace Support Operations- including working together to achieve, within the framework of Chapter VIII of the UN Charter, a UN mechanism to provide sustainable, flexible and predictable financial support for peace keeping operations undertaken by the AU, or under its authority and with the consent of the UN Security Council)
Within this framework, Commission and the EU as a whole are committed to further support African peace missions and strengthening relevant African capacities within the APSA (African Peace and Security Architecture). Our focus is on the continental (AU) and sub-regional (RECs) levels.
EU support to the African Peace and Security Architecture (APSA) has been possible thanks to the African Peace Facility supporting Africa-led peace support operations as well as substantial Capacity Building programmes benefiting both the African Union and the Sub-regional organisations.
The innovative mechanism of Additional Voluntary Contributions of Member States to the APF, launched for the first time in 2007, has been a very positive development, which has enhanced the projection of the role of the EU in Africa and ensured sustained funding for peace support operations notably in Sudan/Darfur, Somalia, Central African Republic and the Comoros islands. The new African Peace Facility under the 10th EDF (€ 300 M for 2008-2010) will be elaborated in the first half of 2008.
From the initial APF allocation of € 250 M in 2004, the APF financial envelope has risen to € 440 M. The APF has funded four African peace operations: the AU Mission in Sudan (AMIS, over € 300 M); the AU Mission in Somalia, AMISOM (€ 15.5 M); the FOMUC mission in the CAR (€ 23.4 M) and the AU Mission in Comoros (AMISEC, € 5 M). The APF has also backed CB activities at the regional and sub-regional level, in the areas of conflict prevention and crisis management (around € 35 M in total).
The Directorate General for Development, in co-operation with other concerned services in the Commission and in the Council Secretariat plays a key role in the follow up of the Peace and Security Partnership, notably through the implementation of the Action Plan.
The activities foreseen under this Action Plan require significant work with the African side and a close coordination and joint efforts within the EU.