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The Global Climate Change Alliance (GCCA)

Building an alliance with developing countries to tackle poverty and climate change.

What are the objectives?

Initiated in September 2007 by the European Commission, (EC) the Global Climate Change Alliance seeks to enhance cooperation and support between the European Union (EU) and poor developing countries, most vulnerable to climate change, to adapt to the effects of climate change without prejudice to achieving the Millennium Development Goals.  Projections of the effects of climate change show that the Least Developed countries (LDCs) and Small Island Developing states (SIDS) will suffer the most because they have the fewest resources to prepare and adapt to climate change.

The European Union is taking a leadership role in promoting international action to tackle climate change and as the largest provider of Official Development Assistance (ODA) is also taking a lead role in international development efforts. Through the GCCA the EU will deepen its dialogue and step up cooperation with these developing countries.

How the GCCA works

Platform fordialogue and exchange of experiences

The GCCA will act as a platform for dialogue and exchange between the EU and the developing countries on practical approaches to realizing the integration of development strategies and climate change. The results of the dialogue and exchange will feed into the discussions of a post-2012 climate agreement under the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change.

Practical cooperation

Beyond dialogue and exchange, the GCCA will also provide technical and financial support to the developing countries for adaptation and mitigation measures, and for the integration of climate change into development strategies in five priority areas that will be further refined during the GCCA dialogue.

Country support is in five focus areas?

Adaptation to climate change:  in-depth research on the likely effects of climate change and reliable climate observation is essential for all adaptation measures. Furthermore this information needs to be translated into practical information for use by policy and decision-makers. The GCCA supports developing countries improve their knowledge base on the effects of climate change, so as to develop and implement adaptation strategies.

Reducing emissions from deforestation:About 20% of global greenhouse gas emissions are caused by deforestation. In LDCs, 62 % of total emissions originate in land-use change, primarily deforestation. The GCCA seeks to decrease the CO2 emissions from developing countries by creating incentives for forest protection, while preserving livelihoods and ecosystems depending on forests.

Enhancing participation in the global carbon market through the Clean Development Mechanism(CDM): The CDM has the potential to bring significant foreign investment to poor countries given that it costs less for industrialized countries to invest in emission abatement in developing countries than at home. At the same time, developing countries receive advanced technologies helping them in their own sustainable development efforts. So far, however, the poorest countries have attracted only few CDM investors. By building capacities and providing technical support, the GCCA will try to level the playing field and promote a more equitable geographic distribution of CDM projects.

Promoting Disaster Risk Reduction: there has clearly been an increase of natural disasters linked to extreme weather events, resulting from climate change. The GCCA will assist the most disaster prone countries in building their capacities to prepare for, mitigate and prevent natural disasters.

Integrating climate change into poverty reduction efforts:Climate change affects many sectors and needs to be integrated or "mainstreamed" into poverty reduction efforts to ensure sustainability. The Alliance will strengthen the on-going implementation of the EU Action Plan on Climate Change and Development (focused on mainstreaming) in the most vulnerable countries.

EU financing available

The European Commission has made around ? 110 million available over the period 2008-2010 to start up the GCCA. A significant share of Commission existing geographic funding also serves the objective of the initiative and under the intra-ACP funds of the EDF, ?40 million are earmarked for the GCCA as well as ?180 million for Disaster Risk Reduction. EU Member States have been asked to contribute resources to the GCCA . So far Sweden and the Czech Republic have provided support.

The Ultimate Goal

Post -2012 Climate Change Agreement: The GCCA will act also as a platform for political dialogue between the EU, LDCs and SIDS on climate change at the global, regional and national levels. While the political dialogue will take place outside the context of the international negotiations it will however help to advance the implementation of the UNFCCC and related agreements and create the conditions for a post-2012 climate agreement.

Promote climate change as one of the key issues for discussion and action; at the global and regional levels the dialogue and discussion between the EU and the developing countries it is anticipated will initiate greater regional dialogue on climate change.

Integration of climate change into national development strategies:  the GCCA dialogue focuses first and foremost on initiating meaningful work for the effective and immediate integration of climate change into national development strategies, plans and budgets and identifying concrete measures that materialize into opportunities for cooperation.

GCCCA Beneficiary countries


Focus area

Proposed Budget


Reinforce the capacity of the country to integrate climate change in development planning.
Awareness raising on national wood resources and capacity building for local decision makers on deforestation risks

EUR 2.5 Million


Type of support is being identified (2010)

EUR 8 Million


Type of support is being identified (2010)

EUR 6 Million


Type of support is being identified (2010)

EUR 6 Million


Type of support is being identified (2010)

EUR 3 Million

Sierra Leone

Type of support is being identified (2010)

EUR 4 Million

Pacific region

Type of support is being identified (2010)

EUR 12.5 Million

Solomon Islands

Type of support is being identified (2010)

EUR 2.54 Million


Type of support is being identified (2010)

EUR 7 Million


Support to the setting up of Eco-villages with community actions in resources management and renewable energy (complement EDF work on renewable energy)



Support to the fight against coastal erosion.



Implementation of the existing NAPA, focus on sustainable land management and land registration.



Budget support for the project Maurice Ile Durable : encourage consistency between the economic reform program and energy efficiency policy



Support to the implementation of the Seychelles National Climate Change Strategy priority areas (coordinated with other donors).



Reinforce the capacity of the country to integrate climate change in development planning.
Awareness raising on national wood resources and capacity building for local decision makers on deforestation risks



Protection and improvement of 10 million lives by 2015 (joint effort with other donors).



Reduce disaster risk plus restore selected watersheds and coastal ecosystems.



Strengthen sea defences and mangrove replanting.



The project purpose of GCCA-Vanuatu is to increase Vanuatu?s capabilities to cope with the effects of climate change by improving its overall understanding on the effects of climate change and strengthening climate resilience and disaster risk reduction in key sectors in Vanuatu.



To strengthen GoM's capacity to engage in high level policy dialogue on international environmental issues and to formulate, develop and implement sustainable regional development and environmental policies while strengthening local ownership and capacity to deal with the challenges of climate change.


Intra ACP EDF project

Support to CLIMDEV (8M): improved climate information in Africa; Supporting regional economic communities in Africa such as COMESA (4M) and ECOWAS (4M) with capacity building, better integration of CC in strategies... The rest of the funds are allocated to the Caribbean (8M) and Pacific regions (8M) also for capacity building. A support facility will be set up for 4M?. The balance = reserve.



Contribution to the Cambodia Climate Change Alliance (co funded by Sweden and UNDP) to improve NCCC coordination capacity and mainstream climate change.



Last update: 17/02/2012 | Top