The EU Trust Fund for Africa was signed by the President of the European Commission Jean Claude Juncker, along with 25 EU Member States, as well as Norway and Switzerland, and was launched at the Valletta Summit on Migration on November 12th 2015 by European and African partners.
What is a Trust Fund?
A Trust Fund is a development tool that pools together resources from different donors in order to enable a quick, flexible, and collective EU response to the different dimensions of an emergency situation.
Why do we need a Trust Fund?
Due to ongoing unprecedented levels of irregular migration, the EU Trust Fund has been created to support the most fragile and affected African countries. The Trust Fund aims to help foster stability in the regions to respond to the challenges of irregular migration and displacement and to contribute to better migration management. More specifically, it will help address the root causes of destabilisation, displacement and irregular migration, by promoting economic and equal opportunities, security and development.
WHICH COUNTRIES are covered by the Trust Fund?
The Trust Fund will assist a band of countries across Africa that are among the most fragile and affected by migration and draw the greatest benefit from this form of EU financial assistance. The countries and regions are:
- The Sahel region and Lake Chad area: Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, the Gambia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria and Senegal.
- The Horn of Africa: Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania and Uganda.
- The North of Africa: Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya and Egypt.
African neighbouring countries of the eligible countries may benefit, on a case by case basis, from Trust Fund projects with a regional dimension in order to address regional migration flows and related cross- border challenges.
What are the priorities of the Trust Fund?
The Trust Fund aims to tackle the root causes of irregular migration and displacement in countries of origin, transit and destination, through a range of priority sectors:
- Economic Programmes: Create employment opportunities, especially for young people and women in local communities, with a focus on vocational training and creation of micro and small enterprises. Some interventions will in particular support the reintegration of returnees into their communities.
- Resilience: Support basic services for local populations, and in particular the most vulnerable, as well as refugees and displaced persons, including through community centres or other means of providing them with food and nutrition security, health, education, and social protection, as well as environmental sustainability.
- Migration Management: Improve migration management in all its aspects, including contributing to national and regional strategies on migration management, containing and preventing irregular migration and fight human trafficking, effective return and readmission, international protection and asylum, and enhancing synergies between migration and development.
- Stability and Governance: Support improvements in overall governance, in particular by promoting conflict prevention, addressing human rights abuses and enforcing the rule of law through capacity building in support of security and development as well as law enforcement, including border management and migration-related aspects. Some actions will also contribute to preventing and countering radicalisation and extremism.
Where is the money coming from?
The Trust Fund pools together money from different European Commission financial instruments under the EU budget, including considerable new resources.
- Fresh funding from the 11th European Development Fund (EDF) reserve;
- The integration of funds from the Regional Indicative Programmes for West, Central and Eastern Africa;
- Contributions from National Indicative Programmes for the Horn of Africa;
The Commission managed instruments amount to €1.8 billion and are supplemented with additional funds from EU Member States and other donors. The EU Trust Fund complements existing EU aid assistance from EU institutions to the regions amounting to over €10 billion until 2020, which aims to support inclusive and sustainable economic growth. Overall, EU assistance responds to the aspirations of the people of the regions in addressing the motivations that encourage them to voluntarily migrate as well as the root causes of forced migration and displacement.
how does it work?
The Trust Fund's global strategy is set by its Board while actions on the ground are adopted by its Operational Committee, which meets at separate sessions corresponding to the three geographical regions[BO(1] . Both bodies are composed of representatives of the European Commission (chair) and the EEAS, EU Member States and other donors (members), but also partner countries and relevant regional organisations (observers), who are invited to actively participate at both levels. Find the organigramme here.
For more details of the Trust Fund's Global Strategy, please consult the current version of the Strategic Orientation Document which details the overarching Trust Fund strategy, as set by the first Board Committee in November 2015.
The Trust Fund is managed by the Commission (Trustee). For each geographical region, the European Commission appoints a Manager. One of the key roles of the Manager is to propose actions to the Operational Committee.
Identification and formulation
In line with the framework agreed by the Trust Fund's governance bodies, EU Delegations are key in the process of identifying and formulating actions. They coordinate dialogues with local stakeholders, such as EU Member States' partners, national authorities and CSOs. Delegations also propose actions to be financed to the Manager. For projects spanning a number of countries, the Manager discusses directly with the relevant Delegations and other stakeholders to identify common actions. Once the actions are identified and formulated, the Manager can propose them to the Operational Committee for approval.
Considering the crisis situation it aims to address, the Managers will focus on implementation modalities that ensure a swift and flexible delivery of results, impact and cost effectiveness. These may include Delegated Cooperation, calls for expression of interest or direct awards for specific situations. In order to improve coordination and joint efforts, the Trust Fund will place particular focus on actions implemented by consortium.
What are the principles of intervention?
- Engaging in political dialogue with African partners to design strategic and efficient interventions.
- Fostering local ownership in order to create cooperation and participation with partner governments and communities alike.
- Building upon an evidence-based approach in order to understand drivers, dynamics and causes of migration, and to map out responses.
- Delivering a holistic, integrated and coordinated approach in response to the diverse causes of migration.
- Considering a conflict-sensitive approach to maximise development actor's contribution to peace and stability.
- Applying the principles of subsidiarity and complementarity with other EU instruments and donors.