The EU Trust Fund for Africa was signed by the President of the European Commission Jean Claude Juncker, along with 25 EU Member States, as well as Norway and Switzerland, and was launched at the Valletta Summit on Migration on November 12th 2015 by European and African partners.
What is a Trust Fund?
A Trust Fund is a development tool that pools together resources from different donors in order to enable a quick, flexible, and collective EU response to the different dimensions of an emergency situation.
Why do we need a Trust Fund?
Due to ongoing unprecedented levels of irregular migration, the EU Trust Fund has been created to support the most fragile and affected African countries. The Trust Fund aims to help foster stability in the regions to respond to the challenges of irregular migration and displacement and to contribute to better migration management. More specifically, it will help address the root causes of destabilisation, displacement and irregular migration, by promoting economic and equal opportunities, security and development.
WHICH COUNTRIES are covered by the Trust Fund?
The Trust Fund will assist a band of countries across Africa that are among the most fragile and affected by migration and draw the greatest benefit from this form of EU financial assistance. The countries and regions are:
- The Sahel region and Lake Chad area: Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, the Gambia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria and Senegal.
- The Horn of Africa: Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania and Uganda.
- The North of Africa: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco and Tunisia.
African neighbouring countries of the eligible countries may benefit, on a case by case basis, from Trust Fund projects with a regional dimension in order to address regional migration flows and related cross- border challenges.
THE TRUST FUND IN FIGURES
The Trust Fund pools together money from different European Commission financial instruments, resources from the EU Member States, Norway and Switzerland.
In the course of the year 2016, the total amount of resources made available to the three regional windows of the EUTF for Africa has increased to more than EUR 2.5 billion including EU funding as well as donors' contributions:
MEUR, 1 March 2017, more details on pledges
ALLOCATIoNS BY WINDOW
These resources are allocated by window, as follows:
COMMITMENTS AND PAYMENTS
As of 1 March 2017, a total of 106 projects worth EUR 1,5 billion have been approved under the Sahel/Lake Chad, the Horn of Africa and the North of Africa regions. Of the total amount approved, more than EUR 6 million have been contracted to implementing partners.