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6.3.1. Management modes

See section 2.2. for an explanation of the different management modes of European Union external actions.

The differences relating to grants are as follows:

DIRECT MANAGEMENT:

Grants are awarded by the European Commission, which is responsible for publishing work programmes, issuing calls for proposals, receiving proposals, chairing evaluation committees, deciding on the results of calls for proposals and signing the contracts.

INDIRECT MANAGEMENT WITH EX-ANTE CONTROLS:

Grants are awarded by the contracting authority designated in the financing agreement, i.e. the government or an entity of the partner country with legal personality with which the European Commission concludes the financing agreement.

Before launching calls for proposals, the contracting authority must submit the work programme and, where appropriate, the guidelines for applicants to the European Commission for approval.

On the basis of decisions thus approved, the contracting authority is responsible for publishing work programmes, issuing calls for proposals, receiving proposals, chairing evaluation committees and deciding on the results of calls for proposals. The contracting authority must submit the evaluation report, details of the proposed grants and, where required, the draft contracts to the European Commission for endorsement. No endorsement of the contracts by the European Commission is, however, needed in certain cases contemplated in section 4.2.3. of the Practical Guide to procedures for programme estimates.

Once the grant has been approved, the contracting authority signs the contract and notifies the European Commission accordingly. As a general rule, the European Commission is represented as an observer when proposals are opened and evaluated and must always be invited.

The contracting authority must submit the work programmes, guidelines for applicants and grant award notices to the European Commission for publication, with the exception of the cases referred to in the Practical Guide to procedures for Programme Estimates.

INDIRECT MANAGEMENT WITH EX-POST CONTROLS:

Grants are awarded by the contracting authority designated in the financing agreement, i.e. the government or an entity of the beneficiary country with legal personality with which the European Commission concludes the financing agreement. It is responsible for publishing the work programme, issuing calls for proposals, receiving proposals, chairing evaluation committees, deciding on the results of calls for proposals and signing the contracts without the prior approval of the European Commission.

The contracting authority must submit the work programmes, guidelines for applicants and grant award notices to the European Commission for publication.



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