The European Commission supports disaster risk reduction (DDR) interventions to build resilience in various parts of the world.
In Eastern Africa, the Intra-ACP programme for DRR has supported the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) to develop hazard maps and atlases covering Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan and Uganda. This has allowed for the provision of geographical information on the main hazards in the region to inform policy and decision making. This multi-hazard mapping tool provides a rationale for risk assessment and hazard mapping and profiling for the region but also for each of the countries involved, covering droughts, floods, seismic and volcanic events, desert locust, tsetse fly or malaria (see press release).
In the Pacific, the Intra-ACP programme for DRR is supporting its Island Countries to secure immediate liquidity to react swiftly to post disaster emergency responses without compromising their long-term fiscal balances. This is being achieved through the Pacific Catastrophe Risk Assessment and Financing Initiative (PCRAFI – phase 3). This is a regional risk pooling mechanism for catastrophe coverage on the international reinsurance markets (earthquakes, tsunamis and tropical cyclone). Among other outcomes are the establishment of a Risk Information System, supported by country risk atlases that facilitate communication on risk to policy and decision-makers or an Application for Rapid Disaster Impact Estimation that will help first responders with quick overviews, following a disaster, on areas and populations affected and estimate the likely severity of the event in terms of potential fatalities, injuries and building, infrastructure and crop damage.
In Southern Africa, the Intra-ACP programme for DRR has supported the establishment of a Technical Centre for Disaster Mitigation and Sustainable Recovery (DIMSUR). This has been established in Maputo, Mozambique, in June, 2013, at the request of Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique and the Union of Comoros. The Centre will focus on increasing urban resilience by creating synergies between the climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction agendas, especially addressing trans-boundary natural hazards such as floods, cyclones and droughts. The Centre will be able to extend its support to other Southern African countries in the near future. The idea is to gradually reduce the dependency from external support as well as to move away from project-based interventions, by establishing a solid partnership among countries (see press release).