The EU renewed its commitment to foster peace and security in Somalia
During the International conference on the future of Somalia held in London on the 24 February 2012, the EU announced a new €100 million support for AMISOM, an African-led peacekeeping mission. The new commitment will contribute to the proposed increase in troop strength active in the African Union-led Mission in Somalia (AMISOM).
The new funding will support the proposed increase in troop strength agreed by UN Security Council Resolution adopted on Wednesday 22 February.
The High Representative and Vice President of the Commission, Catherine Ashton and EU Commissioner for Development, Andris Piebalgs, were in London to reaffirm that stabilising and developing Somalia, together with the African Union and international partners, is an EU priority. The event helped to relaunch the political process in Somalia and coordinate international support for the country.
The new commitment will contribute to the proposed increase in troop strength active in the African Union-led Mission in Somalia (AMISOM). EU aid covers costs such as troop allowances, medical care, housing, fuel, and communication equipment.
Before the London conference, the President of the European Commission, José Manuel Barroso, announced that the EU stands ready to provide additional support to the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM), following a meeting with the Prime Minister of the Transitional Federal Government of Somalia, Abdiweli Mohamed Ali.
AMISOM was launched in January 2007 to help humanitarian aid to be safely delivered and to create the necessary conditions for reconstruction, reconciliation and the sustainable development of Somalia. Current troops' numbers have reached nearly 10,000. Since 2007, the EU has provided €258 million.
President Barroso and the Prime Minister of Somalia discussed the importance of political changes in Somalia, including such issues as institutional reform and the adoption of a draft federal constitution. As the security situation improves beyond Mogadishu into other regions, local administrations need to be set up in order to provide basic services and establish the rule of law. These should be linked to the central government of a future federal Somalia.
EU aid to Somalia
The EU is the world biggest donor to Somalia. Its aim is to fight poverty and promote sustainable development. Over the past decade, the EU has helped to improve security, peace and governance in the country. There is still a long way to go but the EU's continuous efforts have already benefited many Somali people.
For the period 2008-2013, the EU is allocating approximately €415 million to development projects in Somalia:
- Governance (including support to institution building, reconciliation, rule of law, human rights and support to Somali civil society);
- Education and the social sector (including primary and secondary education, adult literacy and teacher and vocational training). Funding also goes to improving access to safe water in urban and rural areas.
- Economic development, including support to the livestock and agriculture sector and to improve food security; mainly through the distribution of seeds and fertilisers, as well as cash transfer systems
This is complemented by EU funded projects on maritime security, water resources management and de-mining in the liberated areas (€102 million).