Natural ecosystems in Africa underpin healthy, prosperous human societies by providing essential goods and services and enhancing resilience to the effects of climate change. Nevertheless, they are under increasing pressure from population growth and development. Nowhere is this more true than in the biodiversity hotspots – the Earth’s most threatened and biologically important ecoregions. Since 2000, the Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund – a unique partnership supported by the European Union and six other global donors – has been empowering civil society groups to conserve biodiversity in the hotspots. This event will summarize the Fund’s work in Africa, and introduce plans for a new €8.3 million investment in the Guinean Forests of West Africa Hotspot.