The European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument (ENPI) supports the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP). Operational since 1 January 2007, it represents the strategic continuity with enlarged objectives of the former cooperation programmes TACIS (for the Eastern European countries) and MEDA (for the Mediterranean countries).
What does it cover?
The ENPI’s beneficiary countries are the ENP partner countries and Russia.
The ENPI has the following strategic objectives:
- Supporting democratic transition and promoting human rights;
- The transition towards the market economy;
- The promotion of sustainable development, and policies of common interests (antiterrorism, the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, conflict resolution, the rule of international law, etc.).
Within this framework, the Commission and partner countries established four principal axes of cooperation based on:
- The implementation of a strengthened dialogue on priority multisector reforms;
- The approximation of legislation;
- Institutional support;
- The objectives of the UN’s Millennium Development Goals.
The ENPI finances actions in the various sectors, including: more equitable development; regulatory trade and reforms; the liberalisation of certain sectors; justice and home affairs; energy; transport; information society; environmental sustainability; research and innovation. In addition, it can provide support to electoral observation and post-crisis missions and to disaster preparedness.
Compared to TACIS and MEDA, the ENPI presents the following innovative features:
- Cross-border cooperation, under which the ENPI finances joint programmes, bringing together regions of Member States and partner countries sharing a common border;
- A Governance Facility which provides resources to creative partners which have shown the will to carry forward essential reforms related to improving good governance;
- The Twinning instrument, bringing together public sector expertise from EU Member States and beneficiary countries with the aim of enhancing co-operative activities;
- TAIEX (Technical Assistance and Information Exchange), jointly managed by EuropeAid and the European Commission’s Enlargement Directorate-General, aiming to help foster political and economic cooperation in a number of areas, primarily regarding the approximation, application and enforcement of EU legislation.
How much money is available?
The ENPI has a financial envelope of €11.2 billion for the period 2007-2013, which represents an increase of 32%, in real terms, compared with the amount available over the period 2000-2006 for the MEDA and TACIS programmes. This budget is allocated as follows:
- 95% for national and multi-country programmes,
- 5% for cross-border cooperation programmes.
The funds allocation is policy driven, and depends on the needs and absorption capacity of the beneficiary countries as well as on their implementation of agreed reforms.
Programmes implemented in the field follow a specific programming process based on:
- Multiannual programming papers (for national, multi-country and cross-border strategies) and multiannual indicative programmes;
- Annual action programmes and joint programmes for cross-border cooperation.
The actions can be co-funded by the EU and other donors; they can also be funded by the EU and implemented by an international organisation.
Who is eligible for funding?
The entities which are eligible for funding are:
- Decentralised institutions and entities in partner countries and regions;
- Mixed organisations;
- International and regional organisations;
- International financial institutions;
- European institutions and agencies to a certain extent;
- Non-governmental players.
In case of call for proposals and tenders: each of them will specify in related documents the eligibility criteria for that specific call or tender.