IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE - The information on this site is subject todisclaimercopyright notice
  EUROPA > European Commission > EuropeAid > Evaluation > Methodology > Basics > Who?
Last updated: 14/01/2006

Methodological bases
The actors, their roles (Who?)


The stakeholders


• Evaluation Guidelines
• Methodological bases
• Evaluation tools
• Examples
• Glossary
• Sitemap

• What
• When
• Why
• Who
• How

• Overview
• Roles
• Manager
• Reference group
• Evaluation team
• Quality support
• Stakeholders


What does this mean?

The stakeholders are individuals, groups or organisations that have responsibilities and/or direct or indirect interests in the evaluated intervention. They may be affected by the intervention or not.

Why identify them?

  • To take their points of view into consideration
  • To benefit from their expertise and knowledge
  • To encourage them to use the evaluation.

How to take them into account?

  • Identify the different stakeholders from the outset, on the basis of available documentation and interviews.
  • Identify their expectations and take them into account when drafting the evaluation questions.
  • Analyse each one's possible contributions (information, expertise, contribution to the interpretation of data).
  • Choose an option to benefit from their contribution, for example: individual interviews, participatory workshops, focus groups, expert panel(s), integration in the reference group, etc.
  • Choose the modalities of dissemination of the evaluation results to ensure that they reach the stakeholders.


  • Talk to the stakeholders to know what their needs and priorities are.
  • Involve the stakeholders in the interpretation of information to avoid mistakes and reach sounder conclusions.