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  EUROPA > European Commission > EuropeAid > Evaluation > Methods > How
Last updated: 20/01/2006

Methodological bases
Evaluation process (How?)




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What is this?

The recommendations are derived from conclusions.They are intended to improve or reform the intervention in the framework of the cycle under way, or to prepare the design of a new intervention for the next cycle.

What is the purpose?

  • To optimise use of the evaluation in the form of feedback.
  • To create a positive approach and easier take-up when the evaluation reveals problems.

How to draft and present them

The recommendations must be related to the conclusions without replicating them. A recommendation derives directly from one or more conclusions.

The recommendations must be clustered and prioritised. The report mentions the addressees of the recommendations, e.g. EC Delegation, services in charge of designing the next intervention, etc.

The recommendations are useful, operational and feasible, and the conditions of implementation are specified. Wherever possible and relevant, the main recommendations are presented in the form of options with the conditions related to each option, as well as the predictable consequences of the implementation of each option.

The recommendations are presented in a specific chapter. This chapter highlights the recommendations derived from the three or four main conclusions.


How to promote them

The recommendations are valuable as far as they are considered and, if possible, taken up by their addressees.

To promote their take-up, the manager drafts a fiche contradictoire in order to:

  • List the recommendations in a shortened form
  • Collect the addressees' responses
  • Inform on actual follow-up to the recommendations, if any.

Get further

  • Example of a fiche contradictoire EN 


  • " If a recommendation does not clearly derive from the conclusions, it probably reflects preconceived ideas or the tactical interests of one of the stakeholders. Its presence in the report could then discredit the evaluation. The evaluation manager must therefore be careful to refuse any recommendations that are not based on collected and analysed data, and on the conclusions.