IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE - The information on this site is subject todisclaimercopyright notice
  EUROPA > European Commission > EuropeAid > Evaluation > Methodology > Basics > How?
Last updated: 13/01/2006

Methodological bases
Evaluation process (How?)




• Evaluation Guidelines
• Methodological bases
• Evaluation tools
• Examples
• Glossary
• Sitemap

• What
• When
• Why
• Who
• How

• Overview
• Strategy
• Questions
• References
• Design
• Data Collections
• Analysis
• Judgment
• Quality assurance

• Overview
• Conclusions and lessons
• Ethics
• Recommendations


Conclusions and lessons

As far as possible the evaluation report distinguishes the findings (which follow only from facts and analysis) and the conclusions (which entail a value judgement). This approach necessarily makes the judgement criteria explicit and reinforces the quality.

The conclusions provide clear answers to the questions asked at the beginning of the evaluation. They involve judgements on the merits and worth of the intervention. Whilst 'judgement' is the appropriate word, an acceptable alternative is ''reasoned assessment'.

The lessons are conclusions that can be transferred to the next cycles of the same intervention or to other interventions.

Ethics of judgement

Given that the formulation of conclusions involves judgements on the merits and worth of the intervention, this is a particularly sensitive stage, which imposes the compliance with ethical principles specific to the evaluation: responsibility, legitimacy, impartiality and protection of the persons.


The recommendations do not involve a judgement strictly speaking, but they derive from conclusions, from lessons learned and from the good practices that have been identified. They aim at improving or reforming the evaluated intervention, or at preparing the design of a new intervention for the next cycle.