The four priorities for the €128 million allocation for EU-Tajikistan bilateral programmes, 2011-13, are:  social protection (including social sector reforms and health), public finance management, and trade and small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs).

EU development activities in Tajikistan target also, in the 2007-10 period, health and social protection, including public finance management and public administration, as well as developing the private sector in the area of agriculture.

Social protection

Since 2007, the social protection sector policy support programme has provided assistance for reforms in social assistance (targeted social benefits) and for the development of both social services for disabled and elderly people and labour market policies.

Launched in 2011, the €26 million human development support programme – disbursed in the form of budget support – is a comprehensive package for both health and social protection.  It also provides capacity development for the Government and support to civil society organisations.

Public Finance Management

The EU has helped develop a new public finance law – effective since June 2011 – which incorporates the World Bank’s (WB) Medium-Term Expenditure Framework (MTEF). The EU has also provided technical assistance for macro-economic forecasting.

Enhancing trade, business climate & SME

In 2007, the EU re-activated a policy dialogue for agriculture and has been involved in developing an agricultural strategy and implementation plan. Land reform and associated laws and regulations are being addressed.

Since 2008, the EU has supported a €7 million private sector development project for the agricultural sector. The related Tajik Agricultural Finance Framework Phase II (TAFF II) component – implemented by the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development – has improved access to finance for farmers for the purchase of supplies, and has been advising on efficiency measures. The EU has allocated €2 million to establish a single window for export, import and transit procedures to simplify foreign trade operations for businesses. Further, a €16 million enhanced competitiveness of Tajik agri-business programme is promoting agricultural diversification and competitiveness of agri-food enterprises through support to specific value chains in the sector.