French Overseas Territory, New Caledonia is an archipelago in the Southern Pacific. It has a total surface area of 180,576 km² and consists of Grande-Terre, Pine Island, Belep archipelago and the Loyalty Islands. The capital, Noumea, is located on Grande-Terre Island. The population of New Caledonia is 252,000.
Its economy is largely based on the extraction of nickel. Services, tourism fisheries and shrimp aquaculture also contribute bring in revenue. The 10th European Development Fund (EDF) will continue to support development of the vocational training sector.
The 10th (2008-13) European Development Fund (EDF) allocated €19.81 million to New Caledonia for vocational training – a programme continued from the 9th EDF (2002-7). Implemented as budget support, it has enabled New Caledonians to train in vocations needed by the market. Thanks to the programme, a partnership has been created in the sector between the government, private sector and various social entities.
Numerous projects have been funded under the Technical Cooperation Facility (TCF II). They include €50,940 for a public expenditure and financial accountability evaluation and a report on the administration of public finances. TCF II also allocated €97,000 for a regional seminar on education and youth and €64,448 for a project to map non-state actors.
A €12 million regional programme – INTEGRE – to mitigate the impact of climate change in the Pacific includes New Caledonia.
The European Investment Bank (EIB) has extended two credit lines to New Caledonia: €5 million (2007) and €10 million (2010) to finance projects in the areas of renewable energy, environmental protection and waste management.
Several activities under the EU’s general budget also benefit New Caledonia:
- NET-BIOME – a network for research activities on tropical and subtropical biodiversity;
- PACE-Net – Pacific-EU dialogue on science and technology;
- ENRTP – a programme to manage natural resources in a sustainable manner;
- ERASMUS and Comenius – lifelong learning programmes;
- ‘Youth on the move’ and
- BEST – a programme exploring ecosystem services provided by coral reefs and management of the environment and natural spaces.
Under the 11th EDF, New Caledonia has been granted an indicative amount of €29.8 million for the period 2014-2020.