Liberia

Liberia

Liberia

The EU is assisting the implementation of the government’s transitional economic development programme. After two devastating civil wars (1989-1996 and 1999-2003), this programme is consolidating national peace and putting the West African nation on a path of poverty reduction. Civil war destroyed the country’s infrastructure and significantly eroded a once large human capital base. The country is rich in resources but poor in terms and of revenue and human capital to provide basic services to the population.

The National Indicative Programme for Liberia outlines the main focal sectors of the EU cooperation with the country during the period 2014-20 under the 11th European Development Fund.

The EU’s Country Strategy Paper for Liberia (2008-13) and the National Indicative Programme outline the priorities under the 10thEuropean Development Fund for €219.06 million of funding:

  • rehabilitation of basic physical infrastructure,
  • provision of social services such as education and health and
  • governance issues, in particular improving institutional support and strengthening the capacity of public institutions.

The EU has supported these objectives through:

Support to the Liberia Reconstruction and Rehabilitation Trust Fund which is funded by the EU and EU member states to support: roads, water, waste collection etc.

The EU has provided General Budget Support to the Liberian budget enabling them to increase their budget and be able to pay teachers, nurses and doctors and free resources for important investments.

The EU is is also supporting ‘The National Vision: Liberia Rising 2030’ - the country’s long-term development strategy to bring about middle income status by 2030 by supporting the country’s Poverty Reduction Strategies.

The main priorities are:

  • peace, security and rule of law,
  • infrastructure and economic transformation,
  • human development,
  • governance and public institutions.

All the EU’s cooperation activities in Liberia take cross-cutting issues into account: capacity building, conflict-sensitive development and human rights, youth, the environment and the fight against HIV/AIDS.

Key country statistics

  • Total population (2015): 4 503 000
  • Life expectancy (at birth) (2015): 59years (male), 61 years (female)
  • Human Development Index - Low human development (2014): 0.430
  • Population living below $1.90 a day (2007): 68.6%
  • Income share held by lowest 40% of income distribution (2007): 18.3%
  • Low income country - Gross National Income per capita (2014): 163 US$ (constant 2005 US$)
  • Average Gross Domestic Product growth over 5 years (2007-2011): 7.5%

Selected results achieved with EU support through projects and programmes completed between mid-2014 and mid-2015

Health

  • 200 rural and peri-urban clinics and health centres have been provided with sustainable solar energy sources, providing the health facility staff with light at night and energy for communications (cell phone, high frequency radio) around the clock
  • 14 health facilities have been constructed or rehabilitated in Grand Gedeh and Maryland counties
  • In 2014, 48% of births in Grand Gedeh county have taken place at health facilities with support of skilled health personnel (up from 30% in 2012)

Inclusive Growth and poverty reduction

  • 3 800 food insecure households in Bomi and Maryland counties have received social cash transfers
  • 4 800 children from households receiving social cash transfers in Bomi and Maryland counties newly enrolled in primary education

Agriculture and Food Security

  • 1 400 farmers (711 women and 689 men) received rural advisory services to improve the quality and productivity of their rice production in Grand Gedeh and River Gee Counties
  • 1 000 acres of swamps have been made available for irrigated rice production
  • 7 000 farmers in the district of Foya were provided with infrastructure and equipment (rice-drying floors, solar cocoa dryers, foot-driven rice threshers, hand-operated rice winnowers, power tillers) to improve rice and cocoa post-harvesting processing

Transport

  • 4 500 persons (2 295 women and 2 205 men) benefited from the rehabilitation of rural roads

Trade and Private sector development

  • The Foya Maliandoe Cocoa Farmers’ Union has been granted fair trade accreditation, opening the door to the international fair trade market segment

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