Iraq

Iraq

Iraq

The focus of EU support to Iraq since 2003 is on building basic services – health, education, water and sanitation – and government institutions through capacity building. An initial project was drawn up directly with the government in 2008. Signed in May 2012, a partnership and cooperation agreement has increased scope for both political and economic cooperation. EU support is crucial to consolidate governance, democracy and rule of law, all of which are still fragile.

The new partnership agreement with the country – signed in spring 2012 and implemented since August 2012 – signals the EU’s commitment to comprehensive political and economic relations. It provides for regular political and economic engagement with Iraq on bilateral, regional and global issues and improved trade arrangements and cooperation in several areas, including energy and health. The EU is gradually strengthening its assistance to the country, notably to build technical capacity in administrations and transfer know-how.

The first-ever EU multi-annual Country Strategy Paper (CSP signed in 2010 earmarked €58.7 million to the country, 2011-13. It shifted support away from emergency reconstruction to longer-term capacity building. Funds are:

  • making institutions more sustainable,
  • improving civil service capacity,
  • boosting the quality of basic services – health, education, water and sanitation.

EU-Iraq energy centre

The country also benefits from the EU’s Instrument for Cooperation with Industrialised and high-income countries and territories (the ICI +) which develops the mutual economic interests of the EU with its industrialised partners. An EU-Iraq energy centre is being established under the instrument to promote energy cooperation with the country. A national development plan for Iraq (2013-17) was also drawn up with EU technical assistance.

Support for civil society

In addition to DCI financing, Iraq is eligible for funding under the EU’s thematic support programmes, such as the European Instrument for Democracy and Human Rights. For example, in 2005, €2.6 million were allocated to help develop Iraqi civil society in the field of human rights. Implemented by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS), it monitored conditions in prisons and of prisoners. Iraq also benefits from the Erasmus Mundus External Cooperation Window programme which promotes mobility and cooperation in the field of higher education.

EU aid overview 2003-09

 Financial overview of EuropeAid cooperation with Iraq 2003-09

€ Million

ALA*

DCI**

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010 2011 2012 2013

Commitments

34

162.5

200

200

89.7

72.6

42

24.2 15.7 22 21
 

* Development cooperation with Asia and Latin America

** Development Cooperation Instrument

REGIONS THE COUNTRY BELONGS TO

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