Chad

Chad

Chad

A landlocked country in the heart of Central Africa, Chad is one of the world’s least developed countries (LDCs). A poor economic and social performance is largely due to the fragility of institutions and lack of implementation of the rule of law, both of which discourage private initiative. Besides, the Chadian economy is largely dependent on oil revenues which have severely decrease in recent years. Its population suffers also from the consequences of chronic malnutrition and food insecurity. Climate change consequences in the country are critical too. 

 

The strategic objectives of the European Union for the 11th EDF are: 1. Accompany Chad in the implementation of the National Development Programme (NDP) 2013-2015 and its future development strategy, targeting particularly the most vulnerable segments of the population and youth, and the most deprived areas in terms of socio-economic development; and 2. Contribute to the consolidation of peace and the implementation of reforms to strengthen governance (justice, human rights, participation of civil society and citizens in public life, security, and public finance management).  Three focal sectors are targeted: Food security, nutrition and rural development, Sustainable management of natural resources, Consolidation of the rule of law.

 

The National Indicative Programme for Chad outlines the main focal sectors of the EU cooperation with the country during the period 2014-20 under the 11th European Development Fund.

 

During 2015, the first five financing decisions under the 11th EDF NIP for Chad were taken by the Commission: Justice Reform (15M€), Pastoralism (20M€), Civil Society (12M€), Technical Cooperation Facility (4M€) and support to the National Authorising Officer (5 M€). Also, at the request of the Chadian Prime Minister, and in coordination with IMF and other international partners, an emergency support for a total amount of €50 million (including €22 million of budget support) was disbursed in December 2015 in order to help reduce the budgetary deficit – caused by declining oil revenues and increased expenditures related to the fight against terrorism – and facilitate Chad's attainment of the Heavily-Indebted Poor Countries Initiative (HIPIC) completion point.

 

Chad is also among the countries benefiting from the EU emergency trust fund for stability and addressing root causes of irregular migration and displaced persons

 

Implementation modalities: Programme/project approach and budget support.

All EU projects in Chad also address cross-cutting issues such as gender, environment and capacity building.

Some results on the 10th EDF:

  • The A-envelope amounted 331M€ and the B envelope 37;
  • Main implementation modality: Programme/project approach;
  • Justice: finalisation of the draft Penal Code, judicial and correctional facilities;
  • Achieving EITI compliance process in October 2014 (Rangoon Summit);
  • Change the institutional and financial landscape of road maintenance thanks to the EU support and advocacy;
  • Access to drinking water : the support of the EU counts for half of the  progress towards the only attainable MDG for Chad; with ongoing projects this MDG could be reached by end 2015;
  • Zakouma National Park management based on a public-private partnership;
  • Large scale support to the local development plans and experience capitalisation in the sector.

Key country statistics

  • Total population (2015): 14 037 000
  • Life expectancy (at birth) (2015): 50 years (male), 52 years (female)
  • Human Development Index - High human development (2014): 0.392
  • Population living below $1.90 a day (2011): 38.4%
  • Income share held by lowest 40% of income distribution (2011): 14.6%
  • Low income country - Gross National Income per capita (2005): 558 US$ (constant 2005 US$)
  • Average Gross Domestic Product growth over 5 years (2009-2013): 6.5%

Selected results achieved with EU support through projects and programmes completed between mid-2014 and mid-2015

Water and Sanitation

  • In 2014, 78% of people from 141 households in 20 villages in eastern Chad have used latrines (up from 33% in 2013)
  • 10 000 persons in eastern Chad were provided with access to drinking water

Health

  • 11 000 births were assisted by qualified birth attendants
  • 27 000 one-year old children have been vaccinated

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