Angola

Angola

Angola

Angola's political and economic situation has considerably improved during the last decade. Oil revenues are a driving force in the economy, enabling public spending to increase and placing Angola as the fourth African country in GDP growth rate in 2013. The Government has identified four priority sectors for the country's development: reconstruction and rehabilitation of social infrastructure, improvement of social situation, health and education, and capacity building for improved public-service delivery.

The EU is aligning with the Government's objectives to meet its sustainable development targets and achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).

The Country Strategy Paper for Angola (2008-2013), signed in November 2008, presented the strategic framework for cooperation between the European Commission (EC) and Angola under the 10th European Development Fund (EDF) and amounted to €214 million, including the PALOP-TL cooperation. EC assistance concentrated on governance, support to economic and institutional reforms, human and social development as well as rural development, food security and demining. EDF funds were complemented by funds in support of regional integration, of biodiversity, of the private sector and non-state actors.

The Programming for the 11th EDF (2014-2020) is ongoing and will be coherent with the Government's strategies on poverty reduction.

The 'EU-Angola Joint Way Forward', signed in July 2012, has taken to a new level the relationship between both parties, through the deepening of the political dialogue and the cooperation in areas of common interest. It recognises the increasing role of Angola in the regional and international levels as well as the potential for development of the bilateral relationship between Angola and the European Union.

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Key country statistics

  • Total population (2015): 25 022 000
  • Life expectancy (at birth) (2015): 50 years (male), 53 years (female)
  • Human Development Index - Low human development (2014): 0.532
  • Population living below $1.90 a day (2008): 30.1%
  • Income share held by lowest 40% of income distribution (2008): 15.1%
  • Less developed country (Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 12 February 2016)
  • Gross National Income per capita (2005): 1 839 US$ (constant 2005 US$).
  • Average Gross Domestic Product growth over 5 years (2009-2013): 4.3%

Selected results achieved with EU support through projects and programmes completed between mid-2014 and mid-2015

Health

  • 114 health professionals in Damba municipality were trained in different health topics
  • 2 800 births have been attended by skilled health personnel in Damba municipality
  • 13 000 children under 1 year were immunized against TB, Polio 3 Penta and Measles in Damba municipality

Water and Sanitation

  • 100 local operators (managers and technicians of the National Directorate for Water and Sanitation) were trained in management and maintenance of water supply systems in 8 rural provinces
  • 5 strategic key documents (manuals, protocols, technical instruments) were produced for the management of the water and sanitation sector at central and decentralised level
  • 2 200 facilitators were trained to mobilising communities to completely eliminate open defecation
  • 36 000 new latrines were constructed in 13 municipalities
  • 70 communities have become open defecation free zone

Natural Resources, Environment and Climate Change

  • A total of 5 000 ha of coastal forest has been covered by the inventory of species (2 132 ha in Katanda – Ganda (Benguela), 623 ha in Sope (Municipality of Cubal – Benguela) and 2 245 ha in Canjombe (Waku Kungu – Kwanza South)

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