Sector Reform Contract for Rural Development with a Territorial Approach" –DRET - Programme

Sector Reform Contract for Rural Development with a Territorial Approach" –DRET - Programme

The naya's peace model tells us the story of two sister communities sharing the same territory, indigenous and afro-descendant community, who agreed on how their common territory should be managed.

Piedad Echeverry, professional in Incoder

CONTEXT

The Colombian national Development Plan, 2014-2018 "Todos por un nuevo país" ("All for a new country"), considers rural development as a priority for peace and poverty reduction. It recognizes the diversity of rural areas and takes into account the characteristics, potential and vocations within each territory. The EU supports with €39.2 million (for the same period) the Ministry of Agriculture and the Colombian Institute for Rural Development (Incoder) through the "Sector Budget Support for Rural Development with Territorial Approach -DRET" programme.

OBJECTIVES

  • Contribute to the consolidation of peace, promoting sustainable and inclusive growth in the poorest and most vulnerable rural areas in Colombia. Economic and social development of rural areas and the provision of land to poor farmers are mentioned as part of the agreements reached at the talks in Havana signed by the FARC (Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia) and the Colombian “Integral Agrarian Reform”.
  • Provide poor rural population, in particular conflict victims, with access to land property based on a territorial focalisation, including indigenous territories, collective territories of afro communities, areas of small scale farming ("zonas de reserva campesina") and buffer areas.
  • Promote local economic development, revitalizing territories, creating the conditions for inclusive and sustainable growth, enhancing rural entrepreneurship and facilitating business partnerships.
  • Foster a permanent settlement for poor rural population, in rural areas, through a better articulation of sector programmes, particularly regarding housing and land.
  • Ensure a better management of public finances in the rural sector.

RESULTS

  • 2 759 indigenous and Afro-Colombian families benefited from collective titling and the promotion of rural development.
  • 214 462 hectares titled or awarded to small rural and vulnerable producers and around 26 010 families have been provided with own rural land.
  • 19 060 rural families benefited from participatory and productive projects and 25 189 rural families improved their business skills and have the tools to be more efficient, profitable and inclusive.
  • 24 518 vulnerable families benefited with decent rural housing, among which 21.2% are families displaced by violence.

FACTS AND FIGURES

  • The Ministry of Agriculture and the Colombian Institute for Rural Development (Incoder) – currently under institutional restructuration- are both responsible for implementing the sectorial policy summarized in the "Colombia Siembra" Programme.
  • The DRET programme gives the opportunity to indigenous and afro-descendants communities to restore their customary tenure systems acquiring legal recognition and promoting and providing equitable, secure and sustainable rights to their resources.

TESTIMONY

The programme is supporting the provision of land to poor farmers in rural areas

The Naya region suffered the worst massacres in the history of conflict in Colombia.

Last November 2015, 52 Afro-Colombians communities from this region received the titling of around 178,000 hectares of land, which has been historically inhabited. Today 3,780 families are legal owners of their collective territories; their tenure rights have been finally recognized.

Piedad Echeverry, local official of Incoder, says ”after the massacre of 2001, we tried to reconstruct the social structure among indigenous and afro-descendant communities. We started to forgive each other in a peaceful manner, knowing that the territory was no more a matter of conflict and that the government was there to guide us, in this process.”

During the event "Cultivando saberes, hilando culturas, tejiendo paz”, 1 000 Afro-Colombian and indigenous men and women received collectively land titles. Rodrigo Castillo, community leader in the Naya region, says "land titling is an act of justice and the guarantee that our community can develop without fear, in the land that has been ours for centuries."

"I feel a great emotion; I never thought I would have this land title in my proper hands. The nayeros spirit is with us, we can now make use of our territory without fear of losing it again" says Lorenza Angulo, a community leader in the naya region.