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Europe 2020 in Poland

Europe 2020 targets - State of play

Employment rate

Poland



Data for 2011 for ME not available

Employment rate
Employment rate, age group 20-64

The employment rate is calculated by dividing the number of persons aged 20 to 64 in employment by the total population of the same age group. The indicator is based on the EU Labour Force Survey. The survey covers the entire population living in private households and excludes those in collective households such as boarding houses, halls of residence and hospitals. Employed population consists of those persons who during the reference week did any work for pay or profit for at least one hour, or were not working but had jobs from which they were temporarily absent.

Data source: Eurostat

Expenditure on Research and Development

Poland



Data for 2010 for GR, IS, CH, ME, MK, TR, US, JP not available

Spending on research and development
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D (GERD), % of GDP

The indicator provided is GERD (Gross domestic expenditure on R&D) as a percentage of GDP. "Research and experimental development (R&D) comprise creative work undertaken on a systematic basis in order to increase the stock of knowledge, including knowledge of man, culture and society and the use of this stock of knowledge to devise new applications." (Frascati Manual, 2002 edition, § 63).

Data source: Eurostat

Greenhouse gas emissions

Poland



Data for 1990-2010 for ME, HR, MK, TR, US, JP not available

Greenhouse gas emissions
Greenhouse gas emissions, base year 1990 (Index 1990 = 100)

This indicator shows trends in total man-made emissions of the 'Kyoto basket' of greenhouse gases. It presents annual total emissions in relation to 1990 emissions The 'Kyoto basket' of greenhouse gases includes: carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), and the so-called F-gases (hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons and sulphur hexafluoride (SF6)). These gases are aggregated into a single unit using gas-specific global warming potential (GWP) factors. The aggregated greenhouse gas emissions are expressed in units of CO2 equivalents. The indicator does not include emissions and removals related to land use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF); nor does it include emissions from international aviation and international maritime transport.

Data source: Eurostat

Renewable energy

Poland



Data for 2010 for MT, IS, CH, ME, MK, TR, US, JP not available

Renewable energy
Share of renewable energy in gross final energy consumption, %

This indicator is calculated on the basis of energy statistics covered by the Energy Statistics Regulation. It may be considered an estimate of the indicator described in Directive 2009/28/EC, as the statistical system for some renewable energy technologies is not yet fully developed to meet the requirements of this Directive. However, the contribution of these technologies is rather marginal for the time being.

Data source: Eurostat

Primary Energy Consumption

Poland



Primary Energy Consumption


Primary Energy Consumption is meant the Gross Inland Consumption excluding all non-energy use of energy carriers (e.g. natural gas used not for combustion but for producing chemicals). This quantity is relevant for measuring the true energy consumption and for comparing it to the Europe 2020 targets. The "Percentage of savings" is calculated using these values of 2005 and its forecast for 2020; the Europe 2020 target is reached when this value reaches the level of 20%.

Data source: Eurostat

Early leavers from education and training

Poland


Data for 2011 for ME, US and JP not available

School drop-out rate
Early leavers from education and training

This indicator shows the percentage of 18-24 year old students who have dropped out of primary, lower or upper secondary education and who therefore declared that they had not received any education or training in the four weeks preceding the survey. The EU target for 2020 is to decrease the percentage of early school leavers to less that 10%.

Data source: Eurostat

Tertiary educational attainment

Poland



Data for 2011 for ME, US and JP not available

Higher education rate

The share of the population aged 30-34 years who have successfully completed university or university-like (tertiary-level) education with an education level ISCED 1997 (International Standard Classification of Education) of 5-6. This indicator measures the Europe 2020 strategy's headline target to increase the share of the 30-34 years old having completed tertiary or equivalent education to at least 40% in 2020.

Data source: Eurostat

People at-risk-of-poverty or social exclusion

Poland



Data for 2010 for IE, CY, ME, HR, MK, TR, US and JP not available

Poverty rate
Population at-risk-of-poverty or exclusion, % of total population

At risk-of-poverty are persons with an equivalised disposable income below the risk-of-poverty threshold, which is set at 60% of the national median equivalised disposable income (after social transfers). The collection "material deprivation" covers indicators relating to economic strain, durables, housing and environment of the dwelling. Severely materially deprived persons have living conditions severely constrained by a lack of resources, they experience at least 4 out of 9 following deprivations items: cannot afford i) to pay rent or utility bills, ii) keep home adequately warm, iii) face unexpected expenses, iv) eat meat, fish or a protein equivalent every second day, v) a week holiday away from home, vi) a car, vii) a washing machine, viii) a colour TV, or ix) a telephone. People living in households with very low work intensity are people aged 0-59 living in households where the adults work less than 20% of their total work potential during the past year.

Data source: Eurostat