The Country-specific Recommendations are documents prepared by the European Commission for each country, analysing its economic situation and providing recommendations on measures it should adopt over the coming 18 months. They are tailored to the particular issues the Member State is facing and cover a broad range of topics: the state of public finances, reforms of pension systems, measures to create jobs and to fight unemployment, education and innovation challenges, etc. The final adoption of Country-specific Recommendations prepared by the Commission is done at the highest level by national leaders in the European Council.
Poland is the only economy in the EU that has posted positive growth throughout the crisis, though recent economic developments are less encouraging. Poland’s good economic performance throughout the crisis was based on well suited macroeconomic policies, a strong manufacturing base and a price-competitive labour force.
Poland has undertaken reforms to tackle some of the challenges identified in the 2012 CSRs. The government has reformed the pension system, implemented vocational training reform and proposed further changes to the education system, which should help to address high unemployment. In addition, plans to liberalise professional services and improve research funding have continued.
However, Poland faces many other challenges, which require more ambitious and sustained efforts to sustain growth and create jobs. Challenges are concentrated in four areas: public finances, labour market participation, infrastructure and the business and innovation environment.
2013 European Commission's recommendations for Poland in brief
The Commission has issued seven country specific recommendations (CSRs) to Poland to help it improve its economic performance. These are in the areas of:
Poland performs worse than the EU average in terms of efficiency of its public administration which has a negative impact on the business environment and growth. To improve the business environment Poland should in particular simplify compliance with tax rules, reduce the length of proceedings in civil and commercial cases, the time and conditions to be fulfilled needed to obtain construction permits and the length of insolvency proceedings. In addition, the liberalisation of professional service will improve the business environment.