The country-specific recommendations are documents prepared by the European Commission for each Member State, which analyse its economic situation and provide tailored policy advice on measures that it should adopt over the coming 18 months. They cover the particular challenges that the Member State is facing in a broad range of areas: the state of public finances, reforms of pension systems, measures to create jobs and to fight unemployment, education and innovation challenges, efficiency of the public administration, competition etc. The final adoption of country-specific recommendations prepared by the Commission takes place at the highest level by national leaders in the European Council.
Poland is the only economy in the EU that has posted positive growth throughout the crisis. Following a slowdown over the past two years, the Polish economy is expected to pick up noticeably in 2014. The rate of unemployment is expected to remain on a downward path over the coming years. Further fiscal consolidation is required to correct the excessive deficit in a timely and sustainable manner.
Poland has undertaken reforms to tackle some of the challenges identified in the 2013 country-specific recommendations. The government has strengthened the fiscal framework, adopted a lifelong learning strategy, improved access to child care facilities and continued to implement the reform of the vocational education system, which should help raise employment. In addition, there has been substantial progress in implementing an ambitious reform facilitating access to regulated professions.
However, Poland faces several other challenges, which require more ambitious and sustained efforts to support growth and create jobs. Challenges are concentrated in four areas: public finances, labour market participation, infrastructure and the business and innovation environment. See how Poland compares with other EU Member States in key areas.
2014 European Commission's recommendations in brief
The Commission has issued six country-specific recommendations to Poland to help it improve its economic performance. These are in the areas of: public finances; youth unemployment; employment of women and older people; innovation; network industries; business environment.