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Collapse models have been devised to solve the measurement problem of quantum mechanics (avoiding macroscopic quantum superpositions). In such models, the Schrödinger equation is modified by adding nonlinear and stochastic terms, which induce the collapse of the wave function. For microscopic systems (atoms and molecules), such localizations are so “rare” to be almost negligible, from the practical point of view. On the contrary, when atoms and molecules glue together to form complex systems, an amplification mechanics takes place, such that the bigger the system, the stronger the collapse. Goal of the research proposal is to analyse the origin of the collapse. Microscopic models will be developed, which, at the phenomenological level, reproduce the collapse dynamics. As guiding examples, the Diosi-Penrose models and the Schrödinger-Newton equation will be analysed.
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