In 2013, global uranium production increased by 2 % as compared with the 2012 figure, totalling approximately 59 500 tonnes of uranium. As in 2012, the top three uranium-producing countries were Kazakhstan, Canada and Australia.
Kazakhstan remained the world’s leading uranium producer in 2013, with 38 % of total uranium production worldwide. The country’s uranium production accounted for 22 501 tU in 2013, a 6 % increase compared to the 2012 output of 21 317 tU. Canada’s production in 2013 was, at around 9 000 tU, a 4 % increase over the 2012 figure. Australia’s production level dropped by 12 % to around 6 100 tU.
Natural uranium production
Natural uranium preliminary production in 2013 (compared with 2012, in tonnes of uranium)
|Region / Country||Production 2013 (tU)
|Production 2012 (tU)
|Share in 2013 (%)||Share in 2012 (%)||Change (%) 2013/2012|
|Kazakhstan||22 501||21 317||38||37||6|
|Canada||9 347||8 998||16||15||4|
|Australia||6 154||6 991||10||12||-12|
|Niger||4 359||4 667||8||8||-3|
|Namibia||4 308||4 495||7||8||-4|
|Russia||3 154||2 872||5||5||10|
|Uzbekistan||2 423||2 400||4||4||1|
|USA||1 846||1 596||3||3||16|
|China||1 490||1 500||2||3||-1|
|Others||1 281||1 032||2||2||24|
|Malawi||1 115||1 101||2||2||1|
|Total||59 619||58 394||100||100||2|
Source: Data from the industry and WNA, Global Nuclear Fuel Market Supply and Demand 2013-2030 (totals may not add up due to rounding).
According to the reference scenario presented in WNA's The Global Nuclear Fuel Market report, world reactor requirements for natural uranium amounted to around 65 000 tU, approximately 4 % higher than in 2012.
In 2013, demand for natural uranium in the EU represented approximately one third of global uranium requirements. EU utilities purchased a total of 17 023 tU in 132 deliveries under long-term and spot contracts, 1 615 tU or 8.7 % less than in 2012.
In 2013, Natural uranium supplies to the EU continued to come from diverse sources. In general, the origins of natural uranium supplied to EU utilities have remained unchanged since 2012. With regard to four big uranium-producing regions (the CIS, North America, Africa and Australia), deliveries from all except North America decreased in 2013.
Kazakhstan and Canada were the top two countries delivering natural uranium to the EU in 2013, providing 40 % of the total. Uranium originating in Kazakhstan represented the largest proportion, with 3 612 tU or 21 % of total deliveries, which was 60 % up on 2012 and accounted for a considerably higher share of the European market in 2013. It was followed by uranium of Canadian origin, with a 19 % share or 3 156 tU, a year-on-year decline of 2 %. In third place, uranium mined in Russia (including purchases of natural uranium contained in EUP) amounted to 3 084 tU or 18 %, a strong 40 % decrease over 2012. Niger and Australia accounted for 13 % and 12 % in 2013, a decrease of 6 % and 12 %, respectively.
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