This is the first report since Fukushima in 2011, focusing on the investments related to post-Fukushima safety upgrades and to the safe operation of existing facilities.
In addition, this Nuclear Illustrative Programme highlights the estimated financing needs related to nuclear power plants' decommissioning and to the management of radioactive waste and spent fuel. The Nuclear Illustrative Program provides a basis for discussion and aims to include all stakeholders, especially civil society, in the discussion on nuclear energy trends and related investments for the period up to 2050.
While Member States are free to decide their energy mix, the Energy Union Strategy and the European Energy Security Strategy stressed that Member States who decide to use nuclear energy in their own energy mix to apply the highest standards of safety, security, waste management and non-proliferation as well as diversify nuclear fuel supplies.
The Commission also presented a recommendation to Member States concerning the application of Article 103 of the Euratom Treaty. The recommendation requires Member States to have the Commission's opinion on agreements with third countries on nuclear matters (Intergovernmental Agreements) before concluding them.
This recommendation aims to make that process more efficient by clarifying the key aspects and requirements that Member States have to take into account when negotiating such agreements, in particular regarding the new directives on nuclear safety and the safe management of spent fuel and radioactive waste. The application of this recommendation should reduce the need for the Commission to object to the conclusion of agreements, and thereby reduce the risk of delay in their conclusion.
More information is available on the website of DG Energy:
The European Commission has approved under the EU Merger Regulation the partnership between Électricité de France ('EDF') of France
and China General Nuclear Power Group ('CGN') of China in relation to
the development, construction and operation of three nuclear power plants in the UK at Hinkley Point, Sizewell and Bradwell.
EDF and CGN plan to build and operate two nuclear plants based on the EPR technology developed by EDF and Areva in Hinkley Point and Sizewell.
The third plant, Bradwell, will use CGN's Hualong technology.
The partnership will be implemented through three joint ventures respectively responsible for
the development, construction and operation of the three nuclear power plants.
The Commission's investigation found that competition in the wholesale supply of electricity in the UK will not be hindered by the transaction
given the moderate market share of EDF, the very limited market shares of CGN in this market and the presence of other competitors.
The Commission also looked at the vertical link between CGN's activities in the market for design and manufacture of nuclear islands
(i.e. the heart of a nuclear plant) and the joint ventures' future activities in the generation and wholesale supply of electricity.
EDF also owns sites considered suitable for building new nuclear stations.
The Commission raised no concerns on these points in view of the presence of other players on these markets.