Regulations are the most direct form of EU law -
as soon as they are passed, they have binding
legal force throughout every Member State, on a
par with national laws. National governments do
not have to take action themselves to implement
They are different from directives, which are addressed to national authorities, who must then take action to make them part of national law, and decisions, which apply in specific cases only, involving particular authorities or individuals.
Regulations are passed either jointly by the EU Council and European Parliament, and by the Commission alone.