The European Commission is the institution
responsible for ensuring EU law is applied
throughout all Member States.
The Secretariat-General helps the Commission manage the work involved in this. Broadly speaking this entails keeping track of the measures taken by the authorities in the Member States to incorporate EU law into their national law and taking action when they fail to do so properly. The Commission also has special responsibility for enforcing EU competition policy - this involves monitoring support (known at the Commission as "State aid") given by national authorities to commercial organisations.
The Secretariat-General ensures the Commission follows the proper rules and procedures for doing this work.
The Secretariat-General manages the
Commission's decision-making procedure in
connection with suspected and established
infringements of EU law. These may be breaches
alleged in a complaint or breaches the Commission
discovers on its own initiative. The Commission
also takes action where national authorities fail
to notify it by the required deadline of measures
they have taken to implement specific EU laws
The Commission also manages the decision-making process involved in determining whether government support to undertakings is legal or not. Again, sometimes it is notified of this support by outside complaints and sometimes it uncovers cases on its own initiative.