Romania is investing in human capital – and young people in particular – by raising the employment rate and level of achievement in tertiary and vocational education. ESF funding is also supporting initiatives to tackle the country’s social challenges and poverty, especially among deprived or marginalised communities.
Across Europe and in Romania the ESF is supporting the labour market, helping people get better jobs and ensuring fairer living standards and more employment opportunities for all EU citizens. It is doing this by investing in Europe’s human capital – its workers, its young people, disadvantaged groups and all those seeking a job. Tens of thousands of ESF projects are active in Europe’s cities, towns, rural communities and neighbourhoods. They are opening doors to better skills, work, qualifications and a more inclusive society for all Europeans.
The ESF is helping people to enter the labour market by improving their qualifications and skills to meet workplace demands. Efforts are being made to facilitate access to employment, particularly for the long-term unemployed and economically inactive, older workers, the disabled, and people with a lower level of education. Support includes improving their skills, encouraging labour mobility between different regions in Romania, and helping jobseekers find work. Young people not in education, training or employment (NEETs) are being helped with measures tailored to their profiles and needs, such as the Youth Employment Initiative.
The ESF is also helping disadvantaged people, including Roma, to access the labour market, by improving their skills and supporting entrepreneurship and social enterprises. For example, an ESF project is tackling employment and environmental issues by giving people from disadvantaged groups professional career guidance and training. With specific support being provided in health and social services, the country is moving away from institutional care towards community-based solutions for children, the elderly and people with disabilities.
Romania is cutting the numbers of early school-leavers by supporting second-chance education for NEETs and improving the access to and quality of tertiary education. ESF funding is also boosting apprenticeships, traineeships and lifelong learning, improving teachers' skills, and supporting vocational education and training to better fit labour market demands. In particular, disadvantaged people, such as Roma or those living in rural areas or with low skills, are being helped through scholarships.
A dedicated programme has been set up to help increase the responsiveness of Romania's public administration and judicial system to the needs of the economy and society. ESF-supported measures aim at improving efficiency, transparency and accessibility of public services and courts. Around 90 000 employees in public administration and the judiciary will be trained and around 250 public and judicial institutions will benefit directly from programme funding, with thousands more benefiting indirectly from the planned interventions.