Navigation path

Was this information useful to you?
 

Compare Qualifications Frameworks

Following extensive national consultations with stakeholders, countries present the results of the referencing of their national qualifications levels to the appropriate levels of the European Qualifications Framework based on a set of criteria agreed at European level.

The interactive table below allows you to compare national qualifications systems or frameworks of countries that have already related their national qualifications levels to the EQF. To compare how one country references its national qualification levels to the EQF with another, select a flag of the country of your choice to start the process.

The blue box at the top of the comparison chart gives access to all key information on the qualification system of the selected country. It leads you to the National Coordination Point (NCP) of the country, which provides access to information and guidance to stakeholders on how national qualifications relate to the EQF through their national qualifications systems. Furthermore, the detailed report on the national referencing processes ("national referencing report") and the presentation of the national qualifications systems ("NQF/NQS") may also be reached from the blue box.

Below it is presented how the national qualifications levels of the selected country relate to the eight reference levels of the EQF. By clicking on the levels of the EQF, you will find the description of the relevant EQF level in terms of learning outcomes: knowledge, skills and competences. As you will see some national qualifications levels are and may be linked to one, two or more EQF levels. This indicates that NQF levels may be significantly broad. It may also occur that two or more NQF levels are related to a single EQF level, which indicates that those national levels are significantly narrow. At present, some countries have qualifications levels below EQF level one. As EQF starts at EQF Level 1, referencing national qualifications levels below that level is not possible.

For each NQF level (click on the NQF level) there is a description, in particular of its learning outcomes, as well as examples of qualifications at that level (up to five). There are many more qualifications at each NQF level; however, the examples aim to get a better idea of what qualifications an NQF level contains. Depending on the characteristics of the national qualifications systems, countries provide examples of individual qualifications or types of qualifications. More detailed information on these examples is provided through access to national websites and databases of qualifications.

"See more" will lead you to more information on the NCP and the referencing process.

COMPARISON (Up to 5 examples of qualifications are provided for each NQF level. National systems may include many other qualifications at these levels)


Set up in December 2005, the overall objective of the Malta Qualifications Council (MQC), as specified in Legal Notice 347/2005, is to steer the development of the National Qualifications Framework for Lifelong Learning (NQF) and to oversee the training and certification leading to qualifications within the Framework and which are not already provided for at compulsory education institutions or degree awarding bodies. MQC is responsible for defining the levels of qualifications and competences within the NQF and for establishing standards related to qualifications within the Framework. Malta's Qualifications Framework is at the forefront of European developments, achieving as it does, the inclusion of qualifications across compulsory, vocational and academic sectors into a single framework.

For further information please refer to: http://www.mqc.gov.mt/

Malta > MQF 8

MQF 8: Doctoral Degree

For additional information please refer to www.mqc.gov.mt/file.aspx?f=127

MQF 8

    MQF 8 > Doctoral Degree

    Doctoral Degrees are offered by most faculties/centres/institutes of the University of Malta. A doctoral degree is normally by research. Taught courses may be recommended if necessary.

    E.g. Doctor of Philosophy in Information and Communication Technology.

    http://www.um.edu.mt/ict/postgraduate/PhD
  • Doctoral Degree

Malta > MQF 7

MQF 7: Master's Degree; Postgraduate Diploma; Postgraduate Certificate

For additional information please refer to www.mqc.gov.mt/file.aspx?f=127

MQF 7

    MQF 7 > Postgraduate Certificate

    E.g. Postgraduate Certificate in Geographic Information Systems

    The entry requirement for the Postgraduate Certificate in Geographic Information Systems is the Bachelor Degree (MQF Level 6) in a relevant area of study.

    The Certificate covers the principles of the Geographic Information Science, such as spatial databases, programming, remote sensing and digital cartography and the technology supporting Geographic Information Systems such as principles, management and applications.

    The Certificate would provide the potential for graduates of Geography, ICT, Business and Management, Marketing, Science, Health, Engineering, Archaeology, Architects and many other subjects to obtain specialisation in addition to their area of expertise.

    http://www.um.edu.mt/isd/overview/PCGISPET1-2011-2-O
  • Postgraduate Certificate
  • MQF 7 > Postgraduate Diploma

    E.g. Postgraduate Diploma in Nutrition and Dietetics Health

    The entry requirement for the Postgraduate Diploma in Nutrition and Dietetics Health is the Bachelor Degree (MQF Level 6) in a relevant area of study. On successful completion of the course, candidates are eligible to apply for local state registration as Nutritionists. There is the possibility of upgrading the Post graduate diploma to a Masters degree through the successful completion and defense of a post graduate level dissertation.

    http://www.um.edu.mt/healthsciences/overview/PGDNADPDT8-2010-1-O
  • Postgraduate Diploma
  • MQF 7 > Master

    E.g. Master of Arts in History

    The entry requirement for the Master of Arts in History is the Bachelor of Arts (Hons) in History (MQF Level 6) or in a closely related area. On successful completion of this qualification the individual can have access to MQF Level 8.

    http://www.um.edu.mt/arts/overview/PMAHSTFTR8-2010-1-O
  • Master

Malta > MQF 6

MQF 6: Bachelor's (Honours Degree)/General Degree; Professional VET Degree

For additional information please refer to www.mqc.gov.mt/file.aspx?f=127

MQF 6

    MQF 6 > Bachelor / Bachelor (Hons)

    E.g. Bachelor of Arts in History / Bachelor of Arts (Hons) in History

    The Bachelor of Arts in History / Bachelor of Arts (Hons) in History is offered by the University of Malta and is referenced to the MQF Level 6. Access is given to students who have achieved a Full Matriculation Certificate at MQF Level 4 or to those who have an Undergraduate Diploma or Certificate at MQF Level 5 in a related area of study. Mature students can gain access following a competency examination. This qualification gives access to MQF Level 7.

    http://www.um.edu.mt/registrar/regulations/faculties/arts/ba-bah-bl-2005-1
  • Bachelor / Bachelor (Hons)
  • MQF 6 > VET Bachelor / VET Bachelor (Hons)

    E.g. Bachelor of Science (Hons) in Electronics Engineering

    The Bachelor of Science (Hons) in Electronics Engineering has the same parity of esteem as the academic qualifications at this level. The entry requirement is MQF Level 5 the BTEC Higher National Diploma in Electronics/Electrical Engineering.

    http://www.mcast.edu.mt/institutes_electricalandelectronicsengineering.asp#11
  • VET Bachelor / VET Bachelor (Hons)

Malta > MQF 5

MQF 5: Undergraduate Diploma/Certificate; VET Diploma

For additional information please refer to www.mqc.gov.mt/file.aspx?f=127

MQF 5

    MQF 5 > Undergraduate Diploma

    E.g. Undergraduate Diploma in Agriculture

    The Undergraduate Diploma in Agriculture is offered by the University of Malta and is referenced to MQF level 5 which gives access to MQF Level 6. The entry requirement is a full Matriculation Certificate. Mature students can have access following a competency examination.

    http://www.um.edu.mt/registrar/regulations/faculties/ies/dipagric-bl-2005-web
  • Undergraduate Diploma
  • MQF 5 > Higher Diploma

    E.g. Higher Diploma in Public Accounting and Finance

    The Higher Diploma in Public Accounting and Finance is offered by the University of Malta and is referenced to MQF level 5 which gives access to MQF Level 6. It consists of 90 ECTS. The entry requirement is a full Matriculation Certificate. Mature students can have access following a competency examination.

    http://www.um.edu.mt/registrar/regulations/faculties/fema/higher-dip-public-fin-bl-2010
  • Higher Diploma
  • MQF 5 > MCAST Higher National Diploma

    E.g. MCAST-BTEC Higher National Diploma in Health and Social Care

    The MCAST-BTEC Higher National Diploma in Health and Social Care is referenced to MQF Level 5 as a natural progression from the Diplomas offered in the previous levels. The entry requirements are either a National Diploma in Health and Social Care (MQF Level 4); or 3 Advanced Level passes with English as a compulsory subject; or 2 Advanced level passes and 3 Intermediate passes with English as a compulsory subject. Mature students can gain access following a competency examination.

    http://www.mcast.edu.mt/institutes_communityservices.asp#15
  • MCAST Higher National Diploma
  • MQF 5 > ITS Higher Diploma

    E.g. ITS Higher Diploma in Tourism Management

    The ITS Higher Diploma in Tourism Management is referenced to MQF Level 5 and gives access to the second year of the Hospitality and Tourism Management at MQF Level 6 at the University of Malta. The entry requirements include assessment on the basis of accreditation of prior learning and the following formal education requirements:
    (a) Advanced Matriculation Certificate or equivalent in at least two subjects at grade D or above.
    (b) Ordinary SEC Certificates in the following compulsory subjects: Maltese, English, Mathematics and ECDL Full Certificate.
    (c) Additional Ordinary SEC Certificates or equivalent.

    http://www.its.edu.mt/EN.Hospitality___Tourism_Management.aspx
  • ITS Higher Diploma

Malta > MQF 4

MQF 4: Matriculation Certificate; VET Level 4

For additional information please refer to www.mqc.gov.mt/file.aspx?f=127

MQF 4

    MQF 4 > Matriculation Certificate

    The Matriculation Certificate consists of 2 Advanced Level qualifications, 3 Intermediate Level qualifications and Systems of Knowledge. This Certificate gives access to the MQF Level 5 Undergraduate Certificate/Diploma or the MQF Level 6 Bachelor Degree in the General Education route or the MQF Level 5 Higher National Diploma or the Foundation Degree offered in any of the VET institutes.

    URL not available.
  • Matriculation Certificate
  • MQF 4 > MCAST National Diploma

    e.g. MCAST-BTEC National Diploma in Health and Social Care

    MCAST-BTEC National Diploma in Health and Social Care is referenced to MQF Level 4 and its entry requirements are either a First Diploma in Health and Social Care or 4 SEC or Ordinary Level passes in the following compulsory subjects: English Language, Maltese, Mathematics and Biology. It gives access to MQF Level 5 - the Higher National Diploma. Mature students can have access following a competency examination.

    http://www.mcast.edu.mt/institutes_communityservices.asp#7
  • MCAST National Diploma
  • MQF 4 > ITS Diploma

    E.g. ITS Diploma in Food and Beverage Service

    The entry requirement for the ITS Diploma in Food and Beverage Service is that a student must pass in all subjects with an overall mark of 65% in Food and Beverage Service and Supervisory Studies and successfully complete a twelve month international internship. The diploma consists of a further one year (two academic semesters) full-time at the Institute.

    http://www.its.edu.mt/EN.Food___Beverage_Service.aspx
  • ITS Diploma

Malta > MQF 3

MQF 3: General Education 6 SEC Grade 1-5; VET Level 3

For additional information please refer to www.mqc.gov.mt/file.aspx?f=127

MQF 3

Malta > MQF 2

MQF 2: General Education 4 SEC Grade 6-7; VET Level 3

For additional information please refer to www.mqc.gov.mt/file.aspx?f=127

MQF 2

    MQF 2 > Secondary Education Certificate (SEC) Grade 6-7 in academic subjects offered in compulsory education such as languages, sciences and arts

    The General Education Secondary Education Certificate (SEC) is offered outside the compulsory education system. Those students who obtain 4 passes at Grade 6 or 7 achieve full MQF Level 2 which gives access to VET Level 3.

    URL not available.
  • Secondary Education Certificate (SEC) Grade 6-7 in academic subjects offered in compulsory education such as languages, sciences and arts
  • MQF 2 > MCAST Foundation Certificate

    E.g. MCAST Foundation Certificate in Care

    MCAST Foundation Certificate in Care is a VET Level 2 Certificate which has the same parity of esteem as 4 passes at Grade 6 or 7 in the General Education Secondary (SEC). The programme is designed to provide an opportunity to school leavers in possession of the School Leaving Certificate to follow a structured programme of study in that area which is closer to their interests. This course gives basic skills for further training in the Care trade. Students are encouraged to gain knowledge and understanding which underpins a wide range of caring professions. It gives access to Diploma in Health & Social Care at MQF Level 3. Mature students can have access following a competency examination.

    http://www.mcast.edu.mt/institutes_communityservices.asp#4
  • MCAST Foundation Certificate
  • MQF 2 > ITS Foundation

    E.g. ITS Food Preparation and Service Foundation

    The ITS Food Preparation & Service has the same parity of esteem as 4 passes in SEC at grades 6 or 7 or any of the MCAST Foundation Certificates. This ITS qualification gives access to a number of MQF Level 3 qualifications offered by ITS including Certificates in: Food Preparation and Service and Supervisory Studies programme of studies; Food and Beverage Service and Supervisory Studies programme of studies; Craft Certificate in Food and Beverage Service; Craft Certificate in Food Preparation and Production.

    http://www.its.edu.mt/EN.Food_Preparation_and_Service.aspx
  • ITS Foundation

Malta > MQF 1

MQF 1: General Education School Leaving Certificate; VET Level 1.

For additional information please refer to www.mqc.gov.mt/file.aspx?f=127

MQF 1

    MQF 1 > School Leaving Certificate (end of Compulsory Education)

    The School Leaving Certificate records the achievements in Secondary Education from Forms 1 to Form 5.  The obligatory education is till the age of 16years.  The Certificate has been re-designed and launched in October 2009 and now incorporates formal, non-formal and informal learning as well as personal qualities.  The objective is that the employer will get a clear picture of a student’s learning outcomes and it would also motivate the student to work harder.  This qualification is valued as 40 MQF credits.

    URL not available.
  • School Leaving Certificate (end of Compulsory Education)
  • MQF 1 > Key Competences Certificate (provided by the Employment and Training Corporation)

    The Key Competences Certificate particularly designed for adult learners seeking up-skilling or employment.  This Certificate has the same parity of esteem as the School Leaving Certificate.

    URL not available.
  • Key Competences Certificate (provided by the Employment and Training Corporation)
  • MQF 1 > MCAST Introductory Certificate

    E.g. MCAST Introductory Certificate in Animal Husbandry and Horticultural skills

    The MCAST Introductory Certificate in Animal Husbandry and Horticultural Skills is a comprehensive course for students who wish to begin their studies in Agriculture. This course consists of 2 Vocational units which are Animal Management and Horticultural Skills and 5 key skills which are Mathematics, English, Maltese, Information Technology and Personal Development. Mathematics, English and Maltese are embedded within the vocational subjects so the students will have the opportunity to learn Technical English, Maltese and Mathematics. The vocational units are based on practical sessions so the students will have the opportunity to work directly with animals and in the fields. They will have the opportunity to handle a variety of animals as well as work on crop fields and fruit trees. Students will be continuously assessed on their key competences. The course units cover: English, Maltese, Mathematics, Information Technology, Personal Development; Vocational Practice: Animal Management, Horticulture Skills.

    http://www.mcast.edu.mt/institutes_agribusiness.asp#7
  • MCAST Introductory Certificate
  • MQF 1 > Adult Learning Certificate (provided by the Directorate for Lifelong Learning)

    The Basic Skills Certificate is a Key Competences course particularly designed for adult learners who would like to learn in the community.  This Certificate is offered in local councils and aims at encouraging learners’ up-skilling and lifelong learning.

    URL not available.
  • Adult Learning Certificate (provided by the Directorate for Lifelong Learning)
Flag Europe
EQF Levels
 
 
European Qualification Framework Level 8
The descriptor for the third cycle in the Framework for Qualifications of the European Higher Education Area agreed by the ministers responsible for higher education at their meeting in Bergen in May 2005 in the framework of the Bologna process corresponds to the learning outcomes for EQF level 8.
  Knowledge - In the context of EQF, knowledge is described as theoretical and/or factual Skills - In the context of EQF, skills are described as cognitive (involving the use of logical, intuitive and creative thinking) and practical (involving manual dexterity and the use of methods, materials, tools and instruments) Competences - In the context of EQF, competence is described in terms of responsibility and autonomy
The learning outcomes relevant to EQF Level 8are Knowledge at the most advanced frontier of a field of work or study and at the interface between fields The most advanced and specialised skills and techniques, including synthesis and evaluation, required to solve critical problems in research and/or innovation and to extend and redefine existing knowledge or professional practice Demonstrate substantial authority, innovation, autonomy, scholarly and professional integrity and sustained commitment to the development of new ideas or processes at the forefront of work or study contexts including research
 
 
 
European Qualification Framework Level 7
The descriptor for the second cycle in the Framework for Qualifications of the European Higher Education Area agreed by the ministers responsible for higher education at their meeting in Bergen in May 2005 in the framework of the Bologna process corresponds to the learning outcomes for EQF level 7.
  Knowledge - In the context of EQF, knowledge is described as theoretical and/or factual Skills - In the context of EQF, skills are described as cognitive (involving the use of logical, intuitive and creative thinking) and practical (involving manual dexterity and the use of methods, materials, tools and instruments) Competences - In the context of EQF, competence is described in terms of responsibility and autonomy
The learning outcomes relevant to EQF Level 7are Highly specialised knowledge, some of which is at the forefront of knowledge in a field of work or study, as the basis for original thinking and/or research; critical awareness of knowledge issues in a field and at the interface between different fields Specialised problem-solving skills required in research and/or innovation in order to develop new knowledge and procedures and to integrate knowledge from different fields Manage and transform work or study contexts that are complex, unpredictable and require new strategic approaches; take responsibility for contributing to professional knowledge and practice and/or for reviewing the strategic performance of teams
 
 
 
European Qualification Framework Level 6
The descriptor for the first cycle in the Framework for Qualifications of the European Higher Education Area agreed by the ministers responsible for higher education at their meeting in Bergen in May 2005 in the framework of the Bologna process corresponds to the learning outcomes for EQF level 6.
  Knowledge - In the context of EQF, knowledge is described as theoretical and/or factual Skills - In the context of EQF, skills are described as cognitive (involving the use of logical, intuitive and creative thinking) and practical (involving manual dexterity and the use of methods, materials, tools and instruments) Competences - In the context of EQF, competence is described in terms of responsibility and autonomy
The learning outcomes relevant to EQF Level 6are Advanced knowledge of a field of work or study, involving a critical understanding of theories and principles Advanced skills, demonstrating mastery and innovation, required to solve complex and unpredictable problems in a specialised field of work or study Manage complex technical or professional activities or projects, taking responsibility for decision making in unpredictable work or study contexts; take responsibility for managing professional development of individuals and groups
 
 
 
European Qualification Framework Level 5
The descriptor for the higher education short cycle (within or linked to the first cycle), developed by the Joint Quality Initiative as part of the Bologna process, corresponds to the learning outcomes for EQF level 5.
  Knowledge - In the context of EQF, knowledge is described as theoretical and/or factual Skills - In the context of EQF, skills are described as cognitive (involving the use of logical, intuitive and creative thinking) and practical (involving manual dexterity and the use of methods, materials, tools and instruments) Competences - In the context of EQF, competence is described in terms of responsibility and autonomy
The learning outcomes relevant to EQF Level 5are Comprehensive, specialised, factual and theoretical knowledge within a field of work or study and an awareness of the boundaries of that knowledge A comprehensive range of cognitive and practical skills required to develop creative solutions to abstract problems Exercise management and supervision in contexts of work or study activities where there is unpredictable change review and develop performance of self and others
 
 
 
European Qualification Framework Level 4
  Knowledge - In the context of EQF, knowledge is described as theoretical and/or factual Skills - In the context of EQF, skills are described as cognitive (involving the use of logical, intuitive and creative thinking) and practical (involving manual dexterity and the use of methods, materials, tools and instruments) Competences - In the context of EQF, competence is described in terms of responsibility and autonomy
The learning outcomes relevant to EQF Level 4are Factual and theoretical knowledge in broad contexts within a field of work or study A range of cognitive and practical skills required to generate solutions to specific problems in a field of work or study Exercise self-management within the guidelines of work or study contexts that are usually predictable, but are subject to change; supervise the routine work of others, taking some responsibility for the evaluation and improvement of work or study activities
 
 
 
European Qualification Framework Level 3
  Knowledge - In the context of EQF, knowledge is described as theoretical and/or factual Skills - In the context of EQF, skills are described as cognitive (involving the use of logical, intuitive and creative thinking) and practical (involving manual dexterity and the use of methods, materials, tools and instruments) Competences - In the context of EQF, competence is described in terms of responsibility and autonomy
The learning outcomes relevant to EQF Level 3are Knowledge of facts, principles, processes and general concepts, in a field of work or study A range of cognitive and practical skills required to accomplish tasks and solve problems by selecting and applying basic methods, tools, materials and information Take responsibility for completion of tasks in work or study; adapt own behaviour to circumstances in solving problems
 
 
 
European Qualification Framework Level 2
  Knowledge - In the context of EQF, knowledge is described as theoretical and/or factual Skills - In the context of EQF, skills are described as cognitive (involving the use of logical, intuitive and creative thinking) and practical (involving manual dexterity and the use of methods, materials, tools and instruments) Competences - In the context of EQF, competence is described in terms of responsibility and autonomy
The learning outcomes relevant to EQF Level 2are Basic factual knowledge of a field of work or study Basic cognitive and practical skills required to use relevant information in order to carry out tasks and to solve routine problems using simple rules and tools Work or study under supervision with some autonomy
 
 
 
European Qualification Framework Level 1
  Knowledge - In the context of EQF, knowledge is described as theoretical and/or factual Skills - In the context of EQF, skills are described as cognitive (involving the use of logical, intuitive and creative thinking) and practical (involving manual dexterity and the use of methods, materials, tools and instruments) Competences - In the context of EQF, competence is described in terms of responsibility and autonomy
The learning outcomes relevant to EQF Level 1are Basic general knowledge Basic skills required to carry out simple tasks Work or study under direct supervision in a structured context