The Commission has to assess the progress in the implementation of the WFD in certain intervals and to inform the European Parliament, the Council and the public about the results of its assessments (see Article 18 WFD).
In accordance with Article 18.4 of the Water Framework Directive (WFD) the Commission must publish in 2015 an interim report to the European Parliament and to the Council on the implementation of this Directive. It has to include a review of progress in the implementation of the Programmes of Measures planned by Member States in their River Basin Management Plans. The interim report is based on the analysis of the reports submitted by Member States in accordance with Article 15.3 and it also provides suggestions for the improvement of future Programmes of Measures to be inserted in the update of the River Basin Management Plans, due at the latest by 22/12/2015. In order to identify and build on existing synergies with the Floods Directive (FD) it also includes a section on the assessment of that Directive's implementation.
This 4th WFD implementation report was adopted on 9 March 2015 and consists of the following documents:
In accordance with Article 18 (Water Framework Directive) the Commission must publish a report to the European Parliament and to the Council on the implementation of this Directive at the latest by 22/12/2012. It has to include among other things a review of progress in the implementation of the Directive and a survey of the River Basin Management Plans submitted in accordance with Article 15, including suggestions for the improvement of future plans.
This 3rd WFD implementation report was adopted on 14/11/2012 and consists of the following documents:
A lot of effort has been put into the preparation and drafting of the first RBMPs, and knowledge of the status of water has considerably improved. However, the Commission's assessment shows that more efforts are needed to ensure the achievement of the WFD objectives in the 2015, 2021 and 2027 planning cycles.
The assessment of the RBMPs indicates that progress towards the objective of good status by 2015 is expected, but it will not be achieved for a significant proportion of water bodies. The main pressures on the water environment are hydromorphological pressures, pollution and over-abstraction. The chemical quality of water bodies has significantly improved in the last 30 years, but the situation as regards the priority substances listed in the WFD falls short of the objective.
A significant number of exemptions have been applied in the 1st RBMPs. The WFD requires Member States to justify and explain the reasons in the RBMPs, which is key for transparency and accountability of decision making.
Implementation should ensure that water management is based on a better understanding of the main risks and pressures in a river basin, founded on proper monitoring. This will result in cost-effective interventions to ensure the long-term sustainable supply of clean water for people, business and nature.