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Studies

European Packaging Waste Management Systems

Directive 94/62/EC on Packaging and Packaging Waste, to be transposed into national law by the Member States by 30 June 1996, contains provisions on the prevention of packaging waste, on the re-use of packaging, and on the recycling and recovery of packaging waste. Quantified targets are to be achieved by the end of the first five-year phase, 30 June 2001, for packaging waste recycling and recovery operations.

The evolution of the Directive has been characterised by political conflict between those Member States where separate collection and recycling systems had already been developed and other Member States. The Directive aims at harmonising national packaging legislation with the twin objectives of preventing or reducing the environmental impact caused by packaging and packaging waste, and ensuring the functioning of the internal market so as to avoid obstacles to trade, as well as the distortion of or restrictions to competition

The compromise reached by the European Parliament and the Council, consisted of an initial range of quantified targets for recovery and recycling to be achieved by mid-2001, as well as a commitment by the Community legislator to increase these targets significantly in a second phase to be achieved by mid-2006. This compromise was explicitly stated in Article 6 of the Directive 94/62/EC on packaging and packaging waste, which was adopted by the European Parliament and the Council on 20 December 1994.

The objectives of this study are: to provide an overview of the different management systems in operation in each Member State, covering the managerial, technical and economic aspects involved in packaging waste management systems, and to draw up potential scenarios for each Member State for the years 2006 and 2011.

The study is available in PDF format by clicking the links below.