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Study on Resource Efficient Use of Mixed Wastes

The aim of the study, launched in January 2015, is to assess the current CDW management situation in EU Member States, identifying obstacles to recycling and potential deficiencies that could lead to non-compliance with EU waste legislation. Good practices in terms of creating conditions for increasing CDW recycling and for improving the quality of recycling and recovery will be identified and a set of recommendations to address potential barriers will be formulated. In parallel, success stories of efficient CDW management will be showcased in 6 case studies, illustrating key elements for success, as well as the necessary preconditions. Finally, the credibility of official CDW statistics will be assessed, identifying the sources of inaccuracy and proposing measures for improvement. The outcome of the study will be discussed at a seminar in March 2016 at the premises of the Commission in Brussels. The study shall be finished in April 2016.

Study to improve hazardous waste management based on an assessment of Member States' performance (2015)

Launched as part of the Commission's efforts to ensure proper implementation of EU waste legislation, this study aims to undertake an in-depth analysis of the hazardous waste management situation in the 28 EU Member States.

The study will follow in broad lines the structure of the compliance-promotion project undertaken on municipal waste between 2011 and 2013, i.e. identifying the main problems encountered in the selected MS (in the form of 'factsheets') and at making recommendations to address them (in the form of 'roadmaps').

The study started in October 2014 and will run for 12 months. For further information please contact the consultants, Bipro, at

Study to assess the impacts of different classification approaches for hazard property "H 14" on selected waste streams (2015)

The legislation governing waste classification, i.e. the Commission Decision 2000/532/EC on the List of Waste and Annex III to Directive 2008/98/EC on waste, has been recently reviewed in order to adapt it to technical and scientific progress and to align, to the extent possible, the criteria for the identification of hazardous wastes with those in Regulation 1272/2008 on classification, labelling and packaging of substances and mixtures.

One issue left out of the current review of the legislation governing waste classification is the hazardous property H 14 (ecotoxicity) of Annex III of Directive 2008/98/EC. The Commission considered that further information was needed in order to propose a well-grounded and justified definition of criteria for H 14, and, if appropriate, align the Decision and the Directive with the CLP criteria.

The study aims to provide an assessment of the impacts of changing the criteria for the definition of ecotoxicity for waste.

Work on this study started in September 2014 and will run for nine months. For further information please contact the consultants, Bio by Deloitte and Ineris, at or

Study to develop a guidance document on the definition and classification of waste (2015)

The legislation concerning waste classification has been recently reviewed. Those involved in the production, assessment, management and regulation of hazardous waste are in need of a comprehensive reference manual which provides technical guidance on the assessment and classification of hazardous waste.

The objective of this study is to assist the Commission in the development of such a guidance document, based on a thorough analysis of the legislative framework, the relevant literature and, if needed, field research, and contributions from experts (from competent authorities, testing laboratories, industry and waste management practitioners).

This study started in December 2014 and will be finalised in September 2015. For further information please contact the consultants, Bipro, at .

Development of guidance on Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) (2012)

The study started in December 2012 and had a duration of 15 months.

The aims of the study are to:

  • Describe, compare and analyse different types of EPR systems in the EU.

  • Identify necessary conditions and best practices for the functioning of EPR systems.

  • Propose and assess options to promote an optimal use of EPR in the EU.

The study is structured as follows:

  • European overview of existing EPR schemes in 28 MS (benchmark)

  • In-depth evaluation of 36 case studies in (focusing on 6  waste streams:  Packaging, WEEE, ELVs, batteries, paper, oils

  • Identifying the main optimal characteristics for EPR schemes, options for common approach (“golden rules”)

Project website

Assisting Member States in improving waste management based on an assessment of their waste policy performance (2013)

Launched as part of the Commission's efforts to ensure proper implementation of EU waste legislation, this study aims at supporting EU Member States with the largest implementation gaps. It comprises  the following phases:

  1. Identifying objective criteria to assess the waste management situation in all Member States;

  2. Screening of Member States according to these criteria in order to provide a 'scoreboard' and identify the 10 Member States with the largest implementation gaps. The screening report is available from the following link. Press release - Municipal waste Management.

  3. Issuing, for these 10 Member States, concrete policy recommendations/Roadmaps and organising 10 bilateral meetings with relevant authorities in the respective capitals to discuss the way forward (autumn 2012); 

  4. Finalising the study and organising a final meeting with representatives of the 10 Member States (March/April 2013).

The study was launched in December 2011 and should be finalised in May 2013.


Biodegradable Waste

  • The Commission supports extensive research in the area of biodegradable plastics. The Community funded BIOMAT website gives details on the extensive amount of bioplastic research that has been carried out over the past 15 years under the different framework programmes. There is substantial potential for research projects on bioplastics under the Seventh Framework Programme (2006 - 2010) across several themes, and particularily from the biorefinery and microbial routes. For more information on Community funding opportunities for research, see also:

  • Economic analysis of options for managing biodegradable municipal waste (2003) 

Construction and Demolition Waste

End of Life Vehicles

European List of Waste

Feasibility of the establishment of a Waste Implementation Agency (2009)

Green paper on Plastic Waste – results of the consultation (2013)

Household waste

Implementing EU waste legislation for green growth (2011)

This study contains an in-depth analysis of the effects of proper implementation and enforcement of EU waste legislation, both in terms of the economic, social and environmental benefits of implementing EU waste legislation as well as through a number of specific case studies in Cyprus, Germany, Ireland, Italy and the Netherlands. The study also describes the necessary tasks to be carried out in order to overcome current implementation barriers and includes a number of options on how to deal with these tasks.




Packaging and Packaging Waste

POPs - Persistent Organic Pollutants




Other Waste Studies