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Support to Implementation - Municipal Waste

Commission helps 8 Member States to improve their municipal waste management

separate collectionEvery year, each European citizen generates over 500 kilos of municipal waste, more than one third of which goes directly to landfill. Only around 40 % of the waste produced by EU households is recy¬≠cled, with recycling rates as high as 80 % in some areas, and lower than 5 % in others.

In January 2016, the European Commission met with representatives from eight Member States (Croatia, Cyprus, Hungary, Ireland, Malta, Portugal, Slovenia and Spain) to discuss the main lessons learned from the 2014-2015 compliance promotion exercise on municipal waste management. The objective of the exercise was to assess waste management policy in selected Member States and help them get on track towards meeting the EU waste targets, as part of Europe's transition to a more circular economy.

The workshop focused on the top priorities identified in discussions with the Member States: waste prevention, separate collection, biowaste management, governance and economic instruments, data and planning of waste infrastructure.

The main outcomes are 'factsheets' including an analysis of the waste management situation in each Member State and 'roadmaps' containing practical recommendations to improve municipal waste management within each country. The final report is now available.


The 2014-2015 'Municipal Waste Compliance Promotion Exercise' is the second phase of a compliance promotion exercise launched in 2011. The first phase, covering ten EU Member States, was finalised in 2013. The Commission provided support and guidance with a focus on key waste policy objectives, including the EU's municipal waste recycling target, the landfill diversion objectives and the requirement for separate collection under the Waste Framework Directive. The main outcomes of the exercise were discussed in workshops with the national authorities and stakeholders and refined further to the comments received from the Member States.

'Final deliverables: country factsheets and roadmaps: