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Waste Framework Directive

Revision of the Waste Framework Directive

In 2006, Directive 75/442/EEC on waste has been codified. Codification is a process by which legal texts that have been revised several times are codified into one new text that replaces all the previous versions. No legal or political changes are made to the text during the codification process. Until its revision in 2008, the codified Waste Framework Directive (Directive 2006/12/EC) was the only legally valid version of the Waste Framework Directive.

In 2005, as a first step in the implementation of the Thematic Strategy on the prevention and recycling of waste, the Commission proposed revising the Waste Framework Directive. This revision aimed to update the waste legislation to recent developments, as well as to merge, streamline and clarify legislation thus contributing to better regulation.

The revised Waste Framework Directive (Directive 2008/98/EC on waste) has been adopted by the Council on 20 December 2008, and published in the Official Journal of the European Union on 22 November 2008. It entered into force on 12 December 2008. Deadline for the transposition of the revised Waste Framework Directive into national legislation of the Member States passed on 12 December 2010. Directives 75/439/EEC on the disposal of waste oils, Directive 91/689/EEC on hazardous waste, and Directive 2006/12/EC on waste have been repealed with effect from 12 December 2010.

The main steps of the revision process can be followed in Pre-Lex or in the Legislative Observatory of the European Parliament.

Summary of the main steps of the revision process:

  • Proposal for a Directive of the European Parliament and the Council on Waste COM(2005) 667 final. This proposed substantive revision is not affected by the recent codification of the Waste Framework Directive.
  • European Parliament opinion on the revision of the Waste Framework Directive. The European Parliament gave its first reading opinion on the revision of the Waste Framework Directive on 12 February 2007: Commission's reaction to this opinion (pdf 46KB).
  • On 20 December 2007, the Council adopted its common position. Statement of the Council's reasons can be found here. The Commission adopted its Communication concerning the Council's common position on 9 January 2008.
  • The text of the common position has been transferred to the European Parliament for a second reading, expected to last until June 2008.
  • The European Parliament's Environment Committee issued its draft recommendation for a second reading on the Council's common position.
  • On 8 April 2008, the parliamentary Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety (ENVI Committee) adopted a recommendation for second reading containing 80 amendments to the common position.
  • On 17 June 2008, the European Parliament adopted a legislative resolution in which it approves the Council's Common Position as amended. The Commission has issued a press release in this regard.
  • Following the Parliamentary vote, the Commission delivered a positive opinion on the proposed amendments. The Council adopted the revised Directive on 20 October 2008. The text will now have to be published in the Official Journal of the European Union and will enter into force on the 20th day after the publication. You can consult a non legally binding version of the adopted text at the Council's website.