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Waste Framework Directive

The European List of Waste

Waste classification is based on

  • the European List of Waste (Commission Decision 2000/532/EC) and
  • Annex III to Directive 2008/98/EC.

The List of Waste is meant to be a reference nomenclature providing a common terminology throughout the Community with the purpose to improve the efficiency of waste management activities. The List of Waste (LoW) serves as a common encoding of waste characteristics in a broad variety of purposes like classification of hazardous wastes. Assignment of waste codes has a major impact on the transport of waste, installation permits (which are usually granted for the processing of specific waste codes), decisions about recyclability of the waste or as a basis for waste statistics.

According to Decision 2000/532/EG, the LoW should be revised regularly on the basis of new knowledge and, in particular, of research results. The Thematic Strategy on Prevention and Recycling has called for a revision of the system of waste nomenclature with the purpose of simplifying and modernising waste legislation.

Review of the List of Waste and of the hazardous properties

In order to simplify and modernise European waste legislation, the Commission has conducted a study on the review of the European List of Waste and the hazardous properties performed by Ökopol GmbH and ARGUS GmbH. The study has provided information on the implementation of the LoW, proposing amendments of the LoW and assessing the impacts of those amendments. Based on these results, the Committee for the Adaptation to Scientific and Technical Progress and Implementation of the directives on Waste established under Art. 39 of Directive 2008/98/EC decided to set up a working group consisting of representatives of the Member States and the Commission (assisted by a consultant) in order to discuss the technical issues so as to prepare a decision on the necessary amendments to the List of Waste and the hazardous properties. Based on the discussions in the working group, a Technical Proposal has been drafted (see below); stakeholders are invited to provide their comments thereto.

Further steps:

  • Discussion in the working group (July)
  • A legislative proposal shall be adopted in Comitology (as foreseen in Art. 39) in 2012.



Commission Decision on the European List of Waste (COM 2000/532/EC) and

Annex III to Directive 2008/98/EC


Review of the European List of Waste, Ökopol, 2008 

State of the play as of October 2011: Review of the List of Waste and of the Hazardous Properties

Implications for some wastes from thermal processes have been analysed.

newTechnical Proposal for the review of the hazardous properties

The Technical Proposal for the review of the hazardous properties is based on the discussions in the working group and shall be the basis for a legislative proposal.

newEditorial corrections to the Technical Proposal

Clerical mistakes regarding HP6 and HP14 have been corrected in the Technical Proposal. The changes can be seen in the track changes version.

Stakeholders are invited to provide comments to the Technical paper by 29 May at the latest.

Comments may concern the options presented in the technical paper, as well as practical implications for selected waste streams. Comments regarding specific waste streams and particularly waste streams currently classified as hazardous that may be classified as non-hazardous (and vice-versa) due to changes in the chemicals legislation are also appreciated. In this case, it is recommended to apply the same structure as in the document on implications for some wastes from thermal processes.