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End of Life Vehicles

Introduction

old cars Every year, end-of-life vehicles (ELV) generate between 7 and 8 million tonnes of waste in the European Union which should be managed correctly. Directive 2000/53/EC (Directive 2000/53/EC - the "ELV Directive") on end-of life vehicles aims at making dismantling and recycling of ELVs more environmentally friendly. It sets clear quantified targets for reuse, recycling and recovery of the ELVs and their components. It also pushes producers to manufacture new vehicles without hazardous substances (in particular lead, mercury, cadmium and hexavalent chromium), thus promoting the reuse, recyclability and recovery of waste vehicles (see also Directive 2005/64/EC on the type-approval of motor-vehicles with regards to their reusability, recyclability and recoverability). The remaining specific exemptions to the prohibition of the use of hazardous substances in vehicles are listed in Annex II to the ELV Directive and are subject to regular reviews according to technical and scientific progress.

Alongside a number of other waste stream directives, the ELV Directive was subject to an ex-post evaluation ("fitness check") in 2014.

Evaluation

The Commission has a legal obligation to “review the ELV Directive, by 31 December 2020, and to this end, shall submit a report to the European Parliament and the Council, accompanied, if appropriate, by a legislative proposal”. Moreover, the ELV Directive “should be reviewed and, if necessary, amended, taking account of (its) implementation and giving consideration, inter alia, to the feasibility of setting targets for specific materials contained in the relevant waste streams. During the review of Directive 2000/53/EC, attention should also be paid to the problem of end-of-life vehicles that are not accounted for, including the shipment of used vehicles suspected to be end-of-life vehicles, and to the application of the Correspondents' Guidelines No 9 on shipments of waste vehicles”. In accordance with the Better Regulation Guidelines, an evaluation is the first step in this process.

The Commission is currently carrying out an evaluation of the ELV Directive to identify good and bad practices in its implementation and assess whether it has met its objectives using the criteria of: (i) effectiveness, (ii) efficiency, (iii) coherence, (iv) relevance and (v) EU added value. The roadmap of this evaluation was published on 4 October 2018 and feedback on this roadmap will be expected until 1 November 2018.