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Every year, end-of-life vehicles (ELV) generate between 7 and 8 million tonnes of waste in the European Union which should be managed correctly. Directive 2000/53/EC (Directive 2000/53/EC - the "ELV Directive") on end-of life vehicles aims at making dismantling and recycling of ELVs more environmentally friendly. It sets clear quantified targets for reuse, recycling and recovery of the ELVs and their components. It also pushes producers to manufacture new vehicles without hazardous substances (in particular lead, mercury, cadmium and hexavalent chromium), thus promoting the reuse, recyclability and recovery of waste vehicles (see also Directive 2005/64/EC on the type-approval of motor-vehicles with regards to their reusability, recyclability and recoverability). The remaining specific exemptions to the prohibition of the use of hazardous substances in vehicles are listed in Annex II to the ELV Directive and are subject to regular reviews according to technical and scientific progress.
Alongside a number of other waste stream directives, the ELV Directive was subject to an ex-post evaluation ("fitness check") in 2014.