International cooperation counts
The effects of major accidents do not stop at national borders. The accidents that occurred in Schweizerhalle (Switzerland) and Baia Mare (Romania) are just examples. EU citizens can be seriously affected by accidents in neighbouring countries. Therefore it is necessary to co-operate internationally and to aim at a high level of protection also in non-EU countries. The strengthening of civil societies and providing a level playing field for industry are welcome side-effects of this cooperation.
In addition to bilateral activities and cooperation in the context of EU enlargement, the EU is also active in all relevant international fora, some of which are listed below. Furthermore, actions on major accident hazards also contribute to the international efforts to achieve Sustainable Development Goals and to the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction
UNECE: Convention on the Transboundary Effects of Industrial Accidents
The Convention on the Transboundary Effects of Industrial Accidents of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe is also known as 'Industrial Accident Convention', Helsinki Convention or under the abbreviation 'TEIA'. It was signed in Helsinki (Finland) on 18 March 1992 and entered into force on 19 April 2000. It aims at protecting human beings and the environment against industrial accidents capable of causing transboundary effects and at promoting active international cooperation between the contracting parties before, during and after such accidents.
The Seveso-III-Directive (2012/18/EU) is the main legislative instrument implementing the TEIA-Convention in EU law.
For more information on the TEIA Convention please consult the UNECE website.
UNEP: Flexible Framework on Accident Prevention and Preparedness guidance
The United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) is leading the international 'Flexible Framework Initiative for Addressing Chemical Accident Prevention and Preparedness' which promotes chemical accident prevention and preparedness (CAPP) primarily in fast growing economies and developing countries.
For more information please consult the UNEP CAPP website.
OECD: Programme on chemical accidents
The Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) programme on chemical accidents addresses three major areas:
For more information please consult the OECD chemical accident website.