Sustainable Use of Pesticides
Existing Legal Framework
The European Community has developed a very
comprehensive regulatory framework,
Directive 91/414/EEC defining strict rules for the authorisation
of plant protection products (PPPs). The Directive requires
very extensive risk assessments for effects on health and
environment to be carried out, before a PPP can be placed
on the market and used. Community rules also exist that define
maximum residue limits (MRLs) on food- and feedstuffs.
Product Directive (Directive 98/8/EC) aims to harmonise
the European market for biocidal products and their active
substances. At the same time it aims to provide a high level
of protection for humans, animals and the environment.
The present legislative framework mainly
concentrates on the start and end-of-life stages of pesticides.
There is a need to complement the existing legislative framework
by targeting the use-phase of plant protection products.