Pannonian Biogeographical Region
The Pannonian Region is dominated by a large flat alluvial basin that is transected from north to south by two major rivers – the Danube and Tisza. Once an ancient inland sea, the basin is almost completely enclosed on all sides by low-lying hills and mountains. To the north and east lie the Carpathians, to the west the Alps and, to the south, the Dinarics.
All of Hungary is included in the Pannonian Region as are peripheral areas of Slovakia, the Czech Republic and Romania within the EU, as well as Serbia, Croatia and the Ukraine outside the EU.
At one time the basin was covered in large tracts of oakdominated thermophilous forests and forest steppes but, over centuries, these were gradually cut down to make way for extensive grasslands which stretch out as far as the eye can see across the flat plains. This so called Puszta is not only one of the oldest man-made habitats in Europe, having been maintained for centuries by lowkey grazing and cultivation, but also one of the largest continuous grasslands left in Europe.
Another key feature of the Pannonian Region is – rather surprisingly – water. The surrounding hills and mountains are an important source of water for this otherwise arid.
In the north, the hills merge with the Carpathians to form a typical karst landscape. Aggtelek, Slovensky Kras and Moravsky Kras are prime examples. Beneath their surface a massive subterranean labyrinth of caves, underground rivers and aquifers carves its way through the porous limestone rocks. It too harbours its own unique wildlife.
With such a wealth of diverse and contrasting habitats, it is no surprise that the Pannonian Region has a particularly high level of species diversity, with many endemics. The region is also of major importance for birds. Hundreds of thousands of geese, ducks and other waders flock to the shallow wetlands every year. Amongst them are rare species like the lesser white-fronted goose Anser erythropus and the spoonbill Platalea leucorodia.
CZ • HU • RO • SK
- Draft Pre-scoping document for the Continental, Pannonian, Steppic and Black Sea Region (11 December 2013)
- Revised Pre-scoping document for the Continental, Pannonian, Steppic and Black Sea Region - core document (10 December 2014)
- Revised Pre-scoping document for the Continental, Pannonian, Steppic and Black Sea Region - fact sheets (10 December 2014)
- Habitats, Species and Issues Selection Document (26 February 2014)
- Habitat Selection Document 2nd draft (4 April 2014)
- 1st Steering Committee draft minutes (5 March 2014)
- Kick-off Seminar (29 June - 1 July 2015)
Sub-forum dedicated to the Pannonian biogeographical region
Preparatory / Follow up actions
- Visegrad Group Workshop on Nature Conservation, Budapest (Hungary), 27 May 2014
- Follow up workshop on the Alpine process and preparing for the Continental/Pannonian/Steppic and Black Sea process, Budapest (Hungary), 21 – 23 September 2014
- How can we make the Water Framework Directive and the Birds and Habitats Directives work together?, 7 October 2015
- Follow up event of the Natura 2000 seminar for the Pannonian, Black Sea and Steppic Regions, 4 - 6 November 2015
- European Workshop on Control and Eradication of Invasive Alien Plant Species, 19 - 21 April 2016