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Pannonian Biogeographical Region

The Pannonian Region is dominated by a large flat alluvial basin that is transected from north to south by two major rivers – the Danube and Tisza. Once an ancient inland sea, the basin is almost completely enclosed on all sides by low-lying hills and mountains. To the north and east lie the Carpathians, to the west the Alps and, to the south, the Dinarics.

All of Hungary is included in the Pannonian Region as are peripheral areas of Slovakia, the Czech Republic and Romania within the EU, as well as Serbia, Croatia and the Ukraine outside the EU.

At one time the basin was covered in large tracts of oakdominated thermophilous forests and forest steppes but, over centuries, these were gradually cut down to make way for extensive grasslands which stretch out as far as the eye can see across the flat plains. This so called Puszta is not only one of the oldest man-made habitats in Europe, having been maintained for centuries by lowkey grazing and cultivation, but also one of the largest continuous grasslands left in Europe.

Another key feature of the Pannonian Region is – rather surprisingly – water. The surrounding hills and mountains are an important source of water for this otherwise arid.

In the north, the hills merge with the Carpathians to form a typical karst landscape. Aggtelek, Slovensky Kras and Moravsky Kras are prime examples. Beneath their surface a massive subterranean labyrinth of caves, underground rivers and aquifers carves its way through the porous limestone rocks. It too harbours its own unique wildlife.

With such a wealth of diverse and contrasting habitats, it is no surprise that the Pannonian Region has a particularly high level of species diversity, with many endemics. The region is also of major importance for birds. Hundreds of thousands of geese, ducks and other waders flock to the shallow wetlands every year. Amongst them are rare species like the lesser white-fronted goose Anser erythropus and the spoonbill Platalea leucorodia.

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Member States:

CZ • HU •  RO • SK

 

More information:

Ecosystems and Habitats

Natura 2000 Biogeographical Process in the Pannonian Region

Regional Cooperation

Relevant Projects

Relevant Publications

 

 

Ecosystems and Habitats

 

 

Natura 2000 Biogeographical Process in the Pannonian Region

Document library

Background documents

 

Discussion Forum

Sub-forum dedicated to the Pannonian biogeographical region

 

Preparatory / Follow up actions

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Regional Cooperation

 

 

Relevant Projects