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Black Sea Biogeographical Region

The Black Sea Region runs anticlockwise around the Black Sea from Romania and Bulgaria, through northern Turkey and onto Georgia. Within the European Union, the region is no more than a thin coastal strip some 20–60 km wide that runs down almost the entire length of Romania and Bulgaria, eventually culminating in a series of low-lying mountains on the border with Turkey.

Altogether, the Black Sea Region covers just 0.3% of the EU territory but it is nevertheless sufficiently distinct in character to be in a category of its own.

Much of the coastline is dominated by long, wide stretches of silvery beaches and low sand dunes that shelve gently into the tideless sea. Occasionally, the sand is replaced by rocky bays and sea cliffs, sometimes up to 70 m high. Blustery headlands, like the Kaliakra Cliffs in northern Bulgaria, are famous for hosting a particularly rich plantlife, with many species reminiscent of the neighbouring Steppic and Mediterranean Regions, like the bright red fernleaf peony Paeonia tenufolia and the yellow pheasant’s eye Adonis volgensis.

The cliffs are also an ideal vantage point for witnessing the spectacular autumn migration of millions of birds. They are traveling along the Via Pontica – the second largest bird migration route in Europe. Every autumn, it is estimated that more than 90,000 raptors, 30,000 pelicans, 240,000 storks as well as thousands of waders and passerines travel through the western Black Sea Region on their way to their wintering grounds.

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Member States:

BG •  RO

 

More information:

Ecosystems and Habitats

Natura 2000 Biogeographical Process in the Pannonian Region

Regional Cooperation

Relevant Projects

Relevant Publications

 

 

Ecosystems and Habitats

 

 

Natura 2000 Biogeographical Process in the Black Sea Region

Document library

Background documents

 

Discussion Forum

Sub-forum dedicated to the Black Sea biogeographical region

 

Preparatory / Follow up actions

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Regional Cooperation

 

 

Relevant Projects