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Links to Member States' Natura 2000 webpages

Building a Geographic Information System for Natura 2000

Structure of the Natura 2000 Database

Natura 2000 is an ecological network composed of sites designated under the Birds Directive (Special Protection Areas, SPAs) and the Habitats Directive (Sites of Community Importance, SCIs, and Special Areas of Conservation, SACs).

For each Natura 2000 site, national authorities have submitted a standard data form (SDF) that contains an extensive description of the site and its ecology. The European Topic Centre for Biological Diversity (ETC/BD), based in Paris, is responsible for validating this data and creating an EU wide descriptive database.

The spatial data (borders of sites) submitted by each Member State is integrated into a spatial database and, after validation with a specifically developed GIS tool, linked to the descriptive data. Any problems identified during this process are brought to the attention of the concerned Member States, with a view to ensure that a high quality, reliable database can be developed.

Natura 2000 Area Calculation

The table below gives an overview of an area calculation that has been elaborated by analyzing the spatial data with a Geographical Information System (GIS). By way of this method, it is possible to calculate an overall figure for the Natura 2000 network in the EU, which takes into account the overlaps of sites designated under the Birds (SPAs) and those under the Habitats (SCIs) directive. The results are split up in terrestrial and marine areas. For the terrestrial area, results are reported as absolute numbers (km²) as well as ratios of the national terrestrial areas. Results for the marine area are only shown as absolute numbers. All calculations are based on the same approach, i.e. summing up the area of SCIs and SPAs by member state and correcting the result by deducting the amount of overlap between SCI and SPA.

A detailed split up table, based on the descriptive database provided by Member States under both directives, called the Natura 2000 Barometer, can be found here. Please be aware that there might be discrepancies between the Natura 2000 Barometer and the table presented below due to the different datasources used: the descriptive database for the Natura 2000 Barometer, the spatial database for the calculation table below.


Area Calculation "snapshot" as of December 2010
Detailed explanatory note on Natura 2000 area calculations.

Links to Member States' Natura 2000 webpages


Austria

Belgium

Bulgaria

Croatia

Cyprus

Czech Republic

Denmark

Estonia

Finland

France

Germany

Greece

Hungary

Ireland

Italy

Latvia

Lithuania

Luxembourg

Malta

Netherlands

Poland

Portugal

Romania

Slovakia

Slovenia

Spain

Sweden

United Kingdom