A pronounced seabird which comes ashore only to breed. Medium-sized (L 40 cm), has short and pointed bill, white breast and belly and grey-black upperparts. Nesting commonly occurs on cliffs facing the sea, alongside coasts or in islands. The Iberian population nest generally amongst rock crevices or recesses. Feeds mainly on fish close to colonies. Resident.
Reasons for the need for protection/inclusion in annex I
The EU breeding population is about 100 pairs. Both its population size and range are declining due to moving of fish stocks, overfishing, oil pollution and hunting from boats.
yellow = summer visitor
green = resident
blue = winter visitor
Population : less than 100 pairs
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