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Tetrao urogallus

Map of the common names

Our largest grouse, (male L 80 cm, female L 60 cm), identified by size, dark coloration and long tail. Very much a forest bird, it prefers coniferous forests, beech and oak groves, in mountainous areas as well as flat land. The species feed on fruits, seeds and insects. Resident.

Watercolour by Serge Nicolle

Reasons for the need for protection/inclusion in annex I
Capercaillie is mainly threatened through habitat deterioration and illegal shooting. Disturbances during the breeding period is also a problem, especially due to forestry operations and the construction of tracks.

Distribution map

yellow = summer visitor
green = resident
blue = winter visitor

Population :
about 200,000 pairs

Drawing by Manuel Manolos

back to list of threatened species