An unmistikable large (L 65 cm) grey owl with characteristic "anual rings" on the face. Occurs in mixed and coniferous forest with glades, bogs or similar open areas. Presence is dependent on availability of small rodents, so birds must emigrate in years of food scarcity. Generally resident.
Reasons for the need for protection/inclusion in annex I
In EU, the breeding population is about 2,000 pairs. The deterioration of habitat through forest exploitation and disturbances are the major threats for the species.
yellow = summer visitor
green = resident
blue = winter visitor
less than 1,000 pairs
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