Medium-sized tern (L 40 cm), has a black bill with extreme tip dipped in yellow and a shaggy crest. Nesting is colonial, frequently with other tern species and gulls, preferably alongside coastal beaches, sand-dunes islets or marshes. The diet consists almost enterely of fish. Migrant.
Reasons for the need for protection/inclusion in annex I
EU numbers and trends are generally increasing. Main threats include the loss and deterioration of habitat, disturbance, predation by foxes at breeding sites and fluctuation in fish stocks.
yellow = summer visitor
green = resident
blue = winter visitor
about 65,000 pairs
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