Medium-sized crow (L 40 cm), the Chough is easy to recognise by its glossy purple-black plumage that contrast with red, down-curved bill. Occurs commonly around rock faces and cliffs in mountain regions but also along rocky coasts. In winter often in large flocks. The diet is insects, mainly spiders, small molluscs, earthworms and seeds. Resident.
Reasons for the need for protection/inclusion in annex I
Numbers are decreasing in about 90% of the population and the distribution is contracting in many areas. The overwhelming factor associated with the recent decline of this species is the loss of tradictional livestock farming, through abandonment or conversion to forestry, tourist related developments or intensive or specialist farming.
yellow = summer visitor
green = resident
blue = winter visitor
10,000 / 20,000 pairs
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of threatened species