Small (L 21 cm) and unmistakable woodpecker, male with yellow crown and both sexes with bold stripe markings. Three-toed Woodpeckers occur in the interior of old mixed or coniferous forest. It occupies conifer-dominated forests with spruce, pine and alder and prefers sites near rivers or clearings. Feeds on larvae of tree-dwelling insects, often punctures bark to abstract sap. Resident.
Reasons for the need for protection/inclusion in annex I
The species is declining mainly because of the intensive exploitation of forests which renders them largely unsuitable as habitat.
yellow = summer visitor
green = resident
blue = winter visitor
20,000 / 40,000 pairs
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