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Night Heron
Nycticorax nycticorax

Map of the common names

A characteristic heron, with stocky body (L 60 cm), soft curves and soft grey colour tones. The white head plumes are present only in spring. The birds need freshwater wetland habitats with dense vegetation: ponds, marshes, rice fields, humid meadows, ect. The species occur along sea coast during migration. Freshwater fish and amphibians are the main items taken as food. Migrant.

Watercolour by Serge Nicolle

Reasons for the need for protection/inclusion in annex I
The Night Heron is declining in substantial parts of its European range. Loss and degradation of wetlands, disturbance at breeding sites and water pollution which reduces the availability of food are the most obvious threats throughout the European range of the species.

Distribution map

yellow = summer visitor
green = resident
blue = winter visitor

Population :
25,000 / 30,000 pairs

Drawing by Manuel Manolos

back to list of threatened species