A characteristic heron, with stocky body (L 60 cm), soft curves and soft grey colour tones. The white head plumes are present only in spring. The birds need freshwater wetland habitats with dense vegetation: ponds, marshes, rice fields, humid meadows, ect. The species occur along sea coast during migration. Freshwater fish and amphibians are the main items taken as food. Migrant.
Reasons for the need for protection/inclusion in annex I
The Night Heron is declining in substantial parts of its European range. Loss and degradation of wetlands, disturbance at breeding sites and water pollution which reduces the availability of food are the most obvious threats throughout the European range of the species.
yellow = summer visitor
green = resident
blue = winter visitor
25,000 / 30,000 pairs
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